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Protocol - Malocclusion

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Protocol Name from Source:

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

Angle's Classification is a set of criteria that categorizes the three different types of malocclusion. The interviewer-administered questions are used to determine if the participant has ever had orthodontic treatment.

Protocol:

To determine what class the subject falls under, the following should be considered:

Class I

Relative position of the dental arches, mesio-distally, normal, with malocclusions usually confined to the anterior teeth. First molars usually in normal occlusion, although one or more may be in lingual or buccal occlusion. Cases belonging to this class far exceed in number those of all other classes combined.

Class II

Retrusion of the lower jaw, with distal occlusion of the lower teeth.

Division I

a. Narrow upper arch, with lengthened and prominent upper incisors; lack of nasal and lip function. Mouth-breathers.

b. Same as a., but with only one lateral half of the arch involved, the other being normal. Mouth-breathers.

Division II

a. Slight narrowing of the upper arch; bunching of the upper incisors, with overlapping and lingual inclinations; normal lip and nasal function.

b. Same as a., but with only one lateral half of the arch involved, the other being normal; normal lip and mouth function.

Class III

a. Protrusion of the lower jaw, with mesial occlusion of the lower teeth; lower incisors and cuspids inclined lingually.

b. Same as a., but with only one lateral half of the arch involved, the other being normal.

Examiner visually assesses and determines whether the subject has Class I (orthognathic), II (convex), or III (concave) malocclusion. Conclusions are recorded on a standardized examination form.

[img[malocclusion_image001.jpg|Coronal Caries]]

1. Have you ever had any orthodontic treatment?

[ ] 0 No

[ ] 1 Yes (Go to question 2)

2. How long did you wear fixed braces on your teeth?

[ ] 0 Not Applicable

[ ] 1 1 year or less

[ ] 2 1-2 years

[ ] 3 >2 years

Personnel and Training Required

Orthodontists, dentists, or dental hygienists participate in training sessions to review the screening forms and examination procedures and, in two calibration sessions, to gather data describing reliability of the measures collected. During the calibration sessions, orthodontists examine subjects; results are tabulated and then discussed.

For the interviewer-administered questions, the interviewer must be trained to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent (i.e., tested by an expert) at the completion of personal interviews.* The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don't know" response is provided.

*There are multiple modes to administer this question (e.g., paper-and-pencil and computer-assisted interviews).

Equipment Needs

Hand- or head-held light, a millimeter ruler, gloves, and tongue depressor for cheek retraction.

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingYes

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent, Adult

Specific Instructions:

Note from PhenX Oral Health Working Group (WG): There are laptop programs that can be used with this protocol, and the Oral Health WG recommends such a system as it does notify the recorder of correctable errors. An example of a paper data recording form is included as part of this protocol so that the user can see the format of such a data entry system. It also is good to have paper forms on hand in case of an electrical failure or some other problem that prohibits use of the electronic data entry system.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

December 30, 2009

Definition

A measure to categorize the misalignment of teeth and/or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches.

Purpose

To determine through a clinical examination the extent to which a person has malocclusion, a misalignment of the teeth and/or incorrect relation between the teeth of the two dental arches.

Selection Rationale

A clinical examination by a trained dental professional such as an orthodontist, dentist, or dental hygienist is necessary to determine the class of malocclusion.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Person Malocclusion Indicator2966477CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Oral malocclusion proto62590-5LOINC

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Source

National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), Archive of Procedures and Methods Used in Oral Health Surveys. Angle’s Classification of Malocclusion.

National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute on Aging (NIA), Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging (BLSA). Dental Examination. Questions 27 (question 1) and 28 (question 2).

General References

National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), Archive of Procedures and Methods Used in Oral Health Surveys. Timing of Treatment for Class II Malocclusion in Children.

Protocol ID:

80701

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX080701_Orthodontic_Treatment_EverPX080701010000Have you ever had any orthodontic treatment?4N/A
PX080701_Teeth_Fixed_Braces_LengthPX080701020000How long did you wear fixed braces on your teeth?4N/A
PX080701_Malocclusion_ClassPX080701030000Angle's Classification is a set of criteria that categorizes the three different types of malocclusion.4N/A