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Protocol - Attention

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Attention Control Scale (ACS) is a 20-item self-report measure assessing attentional focusing and shifting.

Protocol:

Items are scored on a 4-point scale (1 = almost never; 2 = sometimes; 3 = often; 4 = always). R = reverse-scored item.

1. It’s very hard for me to concentrate on a difficult task when there are noises around. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

2. When I need to concentrate and solve a problem, I have trouble focusing my attention. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

3. When I am working hard on something, I still get distracted by events around me. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

4. My concentration is good even if there is music in the room around me.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

5. When concentrating, I can focus my attention so that I become unaware of what’s going on in the room around me.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

6. When I am reading or studying, I am easily distracted if there are people talking in the same room. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

7. When trying to focus my attention on something, I have difficulty blocking out distracting thoughts. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

8. I have a hard time concentrating when I’m excited about something. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

9. When concentrating I ignore feelings of hunger or thirst.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

10. I can quickly switch from one task to another.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

11. It takes me a while to get really involved in a new task. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

12. It is difficult for me to coordinate my attention between the listening and writing required when taking notes during lectures. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

13. I can become interested in a new topic very quickly when I need to.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

14. It is easy for me to read or write while I’m also talking on the phone.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

15. I have trouble carrying on two conversations at once. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

16. I have a hard time coming up with new ideas quickly. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

17. After being interrupted or distracted, I can easily shift my attention back to what I was doing before.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

18. When a distracting thought comes to mind, it is easy for me to shift my attention away from it.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

19. It is easy for me to alternate between two different tasks.

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

20. It is hard for me to break from one way of thinking about something and look at it from another point of view. (R)

[] 1 almost never

[] 2 sometimes

[] 3 often

[] 4 always

Scoring: ACS Full Scale: average of all 20 items.

ACS Focusing Subscale: average of items 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 12

ACS Shifting Subscale: average of items 10, 13, 17, 18, 19

Higher scores on the ACS Full Scale indicate great attentional control, higher scores on the ACS Focusing Subscale indicate greater attentional focus, and higher scores on the ACS Shifting Subscale indicate greater capacity for attentional shifting.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

February 20, 2015

Definition

Attention is the process of selecting for active processing specific aspects of the environment or ideas stored in memory.

Purpose

The Attentional Control Scale (ACS) is a self-report questionnaire that has been developed to measure individual differences in attentional control.

Selection Rationale

The Attention Control Scale (ACS) is very brief and easy to administer, and it can assess two aspects of attention: shifting and focus. It has solid psychometric properties and supportive validity information. Some attentional processes may be enhanced by nicotine and degraded during tobacco withdrawal. Behavioral, neurophysiological, and self-report assessments capture different components of attentional process.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Psychiatry Attention Control Scale√ā¬†Assessment Scale4719179CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Judah, M. R., Grant, D. M., Mills, A. C., & Lechner, W. V. (2014). Factor structure and validation of the attentional control scale. Cognitive Emotion, 28(3), 433-451.

General References

Derryberry, D., & Reed, M. A. (2002). Anxiety-related attentional biases and their regulation by attentional control. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 111(2), 225-236. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.111.2.225

Protocol ID:

711001

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX711001_Attention_Trouble_Concentrate_NoisePX711001010000It's very hard for me to concentrate on a difficult task when there are noises around.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Trouble_Solve_ProblemPX711001020000When I need to concentrate and solve a problem, I have trouble focusing my attention.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Working_Distracted_EventsPX711001030000When I am working hard on something, I still get distracted by events around me.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Good_Music_AroundPX711001040000My concentration is good even if there is music in the room around me.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Good_Unaware_SurroundingPX711001050000When concentrating, I can focus my attention so that I become unaware of what's going on in the room around me.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Reading_Distracted_TalkingPX711001060000When I am reading or studying, I am easily distracted if there are people talking in the same room.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Difficulty_Blocking_ThoughtPX711001070000When trying to focus my attention on something, I have difficulty blocking out distracting thoughts.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Hard_When_ExcitedPX711001080000I have a hard time concentrating when I'm excited about something.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Ignore_HungerPX711001090000When concentrating I ignore feelings of hunger or thirst.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Quicky_Switch_TaskPX711001100000I can quickly switch from one task to another.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Taskes_Awhile_NewTaskPX711001110000It takes me a while to get really involved in a new task.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Difficult_Coordinate_During_LecturePX711001120000It is difficult for me to coordinate my attention between the listening and writing required when taking notes during lectures4N/A
PX711001_Attention_New_TopicsPX711001130000I can become interested in a new topic very quickly when I need to.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Easy_Read_OnPhonePX711001140000It is easy for me to read or write while I'm also talking on the phone.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Two_ConversationsPX711001150000I have trouble carrying on two conversations at once.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_New_IdeasPX711001160000I have a hard time coming up with new ideas quickly4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Distriction_Shift_BackPX711001170000After being interrupted or distracted, I can easily shift my attention back to what I was doing before.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Distraction_Shift_AwayPX711001180000When a distracting thought comes to mind, it is easy for me to shift my attention away from it.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Easy_Alternate_TasksPX711001190000It is easy for me to alternate between two different tasks.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Another_POVPX711001200000It is hard for me to break from one way of thinking about something and look at it from another point of view.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Scoring_FullPX711001210000average of all 20 items.4N/A
PX711001_Attention_Scoring_FocusingPX711001220000average of items 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 124N/A
PX711001_Attention_Scoring_ShiftingPX711001230000average of items 10, 13, 17, 18, 194N/A