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Protocol - Distress Tolerance

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Computerized Mirror Tracing Persistence Task (MTPT-C) is an automated version of the original Mirror Tracing Persistence Task (Quinn et al., 1996), which requires the construction of a mirror box and multiple copies of polygons to be traced. The MTPT-C simplifies the administration and scoring of this task.

In this task, participants are required to trace a red dot along the lines of a geometric shape (e.g., star) using the computer’s mouse. However, the mouse moves the red dot in the reverse direction. Each time the participant moves the mouse out of the lines or hesitates for more than 2 seconds, a buzzer sounds, and the dot moves back to the beginning. Three progressively more difficult shapes are used. The first two rounds last 1 minute each, while the third round of the MTPT-C can last up to 7 minutes. Participants may terminate the task at any point during the third round by pressing on the space bar. Distress tolerance is measured by the latency in seconds to task termination. Additionally, the number of errors per second (i.e., number of times the participant has to return to the starting position during the task, divided by the task time) is recorded to control for effects of skill on persistence.

Protocol:

See above; online download of the program:

[link[caperlab.net/task-downloads|caperlab.net/task-downloads]]

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

Computer with a mouse. Instrument is available online.

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult

Specific Instructions:

User can download the program for this task at:

[link[caperlab.net/task-downloads|caperlab.net/task-downloads]]

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

February 20, 2015

Definition

The ability to persist in a goal-directed activity when experiencing psychological distress or ability to tolerate psychological distress in general. One measurement approach is time spent on a frustrating behavioral task (i.e., task persistence). Distress tolerance appears to be a relatively stable trait. Across measures, it has been found to be predictive of substance-use outcomes, including smoking cessation. Individuals who are low in distress tolerance may have greater difficulty in maintaining tobacco abstinence in the face of withdrawal and other challenges.

Purpose

The Mirror Tracing Persistence Task (MTPT) has discriminated between smokers and nonsmokers and has predicted smoking cessation outcomes. The original MTPT required the construction or purchase of a physical box with a slanted mirror one side. The participant inserts his or her hand and traces geometric figures while only watching the hand in the mirror. This is extremely difficult and frustrating. Persistence is scored as the mean time on several trials prior to giving up. The Computerized MTPT (MTPT-C) was developed to make the test more accessible, as it did not require the physical equipment. It has potential as a screening instrument to identify individuals at high risk of initiating smoking or of smoking cessation failure. To date, the MTPT-C has predicted treatment dropout among substance abusers, but it has not been tested with smokers per se.

Selection Rationale

Measure of distress tolerance, a personality trait that appears to be related to smoking and tobacco use and behaviors.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Psychology Distress Tolerance Assessment Score4719167CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Computerized Mirror Tracing Persistence Task (MTPT-C)
Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotion Research (CAPER) website

General References

Original Mirror Tracing Persistence Task (MTPT):

Quinn, E. P., Brandon, T. H., & Copeland, A. L. (1996). Is task persistence related to smoking and substance abuse? The application of learned industriousness theory to addictive behaviors. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 4, 186-190.

Validity of the MTPT:

Brandon, T. H., Herzog, T. A., Juliano, L., Irvin, J. E., Lazev, A., & Simmons, V. N. (2003). Pretreatment task-persistence predicts smoking cessation outcome. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 112, 448-456.

Steinberg, M. L., Williams, J. M., Gandhi, K. K., Foulds, J., Epstein, E. E., & Brandon, T. H. (2012). Task persistence predicts smoking cessation in smokers with and without schizophrenia. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26, 850-858.

Computerized Version:

Strong, D. R., Lejuez, C. W., Daughters, S., Marinello, M., Kahler, C. W., & Brown, R. A. (2003). The computerized mirror tracing task, version 1. Unpublished manual.

Program available for download: [link[www.addiction.umd.edu/research.htm|www.addiction.umd.edu/research.htm]]

Predictive validity, but not with smoking:

Daughters, S. B., Lejuez, C. W., Bornovaolova, M. A., Kahler, C. W., Strong, D. R., & Brown, R. A. (2005). Distress tolerance as a predictor of early treatment dropout in a residential substance abuse treatment facility. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 114, 729-734.

Protocol ID:

710701

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Session_IDPX710701010000What is the ID number of the session?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Session_DatePX710701020000What date did the session take place?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Session_TimePX710701030000What time did the session take place?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Subject_IDPX710701040000What is the subject's ID number?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_ExcitedPX710701050000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel excited?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_MadPX710701060000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel mad?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_InterestedPX710701070000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel interested?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_FrustratedPX710701080000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel frustrated?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_HappyPX710701090000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel happy?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_UpsetPX710701100000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel upset?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_EnergeticPX710701110000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel energetic?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_EmbarrassedPX710701120000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel embarrassed?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_ProudPX710701130000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel proud?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Pre_NervousPX710701140000(Before the test) To what extent do you feel nervous?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Total_ErrorPX710701150000In easy mode, what is the total number of errors (off line + too slow) committed by the subject?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Offline_ErrorPX710701160000In easy mode, what is the number of times the subject traced outside the line?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Tooslow_ErrorPX710701170000In easy mode, what is the number of times it took the subject too long to trace the pattern?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Total_TimePX710701180000In easy mode, what is the length in seconds it took the subject to complete the task?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Total_DistancePX710701190000In easy mode, what is the total distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Median_DistancePX710701200000In easy mode, what is the median distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Maximum_PercentagePX710701210000In easy mode, what is the maximum percentage (out of 100) of tracing around the entire star?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Easy_Average_WidthPX710701220000In easy mode, what is the average width in cm of the line of the pattern (based on initial titration step)?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Total_ErrorPX710701230000In medium mode, what is the total number of errors (off line + too slow) committed by the subject?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Offline_ErrorPX710701240000In medium mode, what is the number of times the subject traced outside the line?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Tooslow_ErrorPX710701250000In medium mode, what is the number of times it took the subject too long to trace the pattern?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Total_TimePX710701260000In medium mode, what is the length in seconds it took the subject to complete the task?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Total_DistancePX710701270000In medium mode, what is the total distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Median_DistancePX710701280000In medium mode, what is the median distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Maximum_PercentagePX710701290000In medium mode, what is the maximum percentage (out of 100) of tracing around the entire star?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Medium_Average_WidthPX710701300000In medium mode, what is the average width in cm of the line of the pattern (based on initial titration step)?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Total_ErrorPX710701310000In hard mode, what is the total number of errors (off line + too slow) committed by the subject?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Offline_ErrorPX710701320000In hard mode, what is the number of times the subject traced outside the line?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Tooslow_ErrorPX710701330000In hard mode, what is the number of times it took the subject too long to trace the pattern?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Total_TimePX710701340000In hard mode, what is the length in seconds it took the subject to complete the task?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Total_DistancePX710701350000In hard mode, what is the total distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Median_DistancePX710701360000In hard mode, what is the median distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Maximum_PercentagePX710701370000In hard mode, what is the maximum percentage (out of 100) of tracing around the entire star?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Hard_Average_WidthPX710701380000In hard mode, what is the average width in cm of the line of the pattern (based on initial titration step)?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_ExcitedPX710701390000(After the test) To what extent do you feel excited?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_MadPX710701400000(After the test) To what extent do you feel mad?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_InterestedPX710701410000(After the test) To what extent do you feel interested?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_FrustratedPX710701420000(After the test) To what extent do you feel frustrated?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_HappyPX710701430000(After the test) To what extent do you feel happy?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_UpsetPX710701440000(After the test) To what extent do you feel upset?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_EnergeticPX710701450000(After the test) To what extent do you feel energetic?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_EmbarrassedPX710701460000(After the test) To what extent do you feel embarrassed?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_ProudPX710701470000(After the test) To what extent do you feel proud?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Post_NervousPX710701480000(After the test) To what extent do you feel nervous?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Total_ErrorPX710701490000In quit mode, what is the total number of errors (off line + too slow) committed by the subject?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Offline_ErrorPX710701500000In quit mode, what is the number of times the subject traced outside the line?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Tooslow_ErrorPX710701510000In quit mode, what is the number of times it took the subject too long to trace the pattern?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Total_TimePX710701520000In quit mode, what is the length in seconds it took the subject to complete the task?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Total_DistancePX710701530000In quit mode, what is the total distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Median_DistancePX710701540000In quit mode, what is the median distance in cm of tracing?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Maximum_PercentagePX710701550000In quit mode, what is the maximum percentage (out of 100) of tracing around the entire star?4N/A
PX710701_Mirror_Tracing_Quit_Average_WidthPX710701560000In quit mode, what is the average width in cm of the line of the pattern (based on initial titration step)?4N/A