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Protocol - Hedonic Tone or Response to Pleasurable Situations

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) is a self-administered, paper-and-pencil questionnaire with 14 items assessing four domains of pleasure response/hedonic experience: interest/pastimes, social interaction, sensory experience, and food/drink.

Protocol:

This questionnaire is designed to measure your ability to experience pleasure in the last few days. It is important to read each statement very carefully. Tick one of the boxes [ ] to indicate how much you agree or disagree with each statement.

1. I would enjoy my favourite television or radio programme:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

2. I would enjoy being with my family or close friends:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

3. I would find pleasure in my hobbies and pastimes:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

4. I would be able to enjoy my favourite meal:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

5. I would enjoy a warm bath or refreshing shower:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

6. I would find pleasure in the scent of flowers or the smell of a fresh sea breeze or freshly baked bread:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

7. I would enjoy seeing other people’s smiling faces:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

8. I would enjoy looking smart when I have made an effort with my appearance:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

9. I would enjoy reading a book, magazine or newspaper:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

10. I would enjoy a cup of tea or coffee or my favourite drink:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

11. I would find pleasure in small things, e.g., bright sunny day, a telephone call from a friend:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

12. I would be able to enjoy a beautiful landscape or view:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

13. I would get pleasure from helping others:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

14. I would feel pleasure when I receive praise from other people:

[] Strongly disagree

[] Disagree

[] Agree

[] Strongly disagree

Scoring: Either of the Disagree responses receives a score of 1 and either of the Agree responses receives a score of 0. The SHAPS is scored as the sum of the 14 items so that total scores ranged from 0 to 14. A higher total SHAPS score indicated higher levels of anhedonia. A cut-off score of 2 provides the best discrimination between "normal" and "abnormal" level of hedonic tone.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult

Specific Instructions:

The work group acknowledges this protocol is in English (United Kingdom) and recommends adjusting for English (United States) as needed.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

February 20, 2015

Definition

A self-report measure to determine anhedonia or an individual’s inability to experience pleasure.

Purpose

This scale is designed to measure the degree to which a person is able to experience pleasure or the anticipation of a pleasurable experience. Anhedonia can serve as a baseline, trait-like variable, as well as a state that can be influenced by tobacco use.

Selection Rationale

Anhedonia, the inability to experience pleasure in normally pleasurable acts, is associated with smoking cessation outcomes. Emotional regulation, and specifically anhedonia, may be a core dimension of depression that is associated with cessation failure. Further, animal studies have implicated anhedonia in response to drug withdrawal, and it is linked to drug self-administration.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Psychiatry Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) Assessment Scale4719076CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Snaith, R. P., Hamilton, M., Morley, S., Humayan, A., Hargreaves, D., & Trigwell, P. (1995). A scale for the assessment of hedonic tone the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167(1), 99-103.

General References

Dawkins, L., Powell, J. H., Pickering, A., Powell, J. & West, R. (2009). Patterns of change in withdrawal symptoms, desire to smoke, reward motivation and response inhibition across 3 months of smoking abstinence. Addiction, 104, 850-858.

Dawkins, L., Powell, J. H., West, R., Powell, J., & Pickering, A. (2006). A double-blind placebo controlled experimental study of nicotine: I-Effects on incentive motivation. Psychopharmacology, 189, 355-367.

Leventhal, A. M., Chasson, G. S., Tapia, E., Miller, E. K., & Pettit, J. W. (2006). Measuring hedonic capacity in depression: A psychometric analysis of three anhedonia scales. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 1545-1558.

Snaith, R. P., Hamilton, M., Morley, S., Humayan, A., Hargreaves, D., & Trigwell, P. (1995). A scale for the assessment of hedonic tone the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure

Scale. British Journal of Psychiatry, 167(1), 99-103.

Protocol ID:

710601

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX710601_Pleasure_Television_RadioPX710601010000I would enjoy my favourite television or radio programme:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Family_FriendsPX710601020000I would enjoy being with my family or close friends:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Hobbies_PastimesPX710601030000I would find pleasure in my hobbies and pastimes:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Enjoy_Favourite_MealPX710601040000I would be able to enjoy my favourite meal:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Bath_ShowerPX710601050000I would enjoy a warm bath or refreshing shower:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_ScentPX710601060000I would find pleasure in the scent of flowers or the smell of a fresh sea breeze or freshly baked bread:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Smiling_FacesPX710601070000I would enjoy seeing other people¿¿¿s smiling faces:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Looking_Smart_AppearancePX710601080000I would enjoy looking smart when I have made an effort with my appearance:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_ReadingPX710601090000I would enjoy reading a book, magazine or newspaper:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Tea_Coffee_DrinkPX710601100000I would enjoy a cup of tea or coffee or my favourite drink:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Small_ThingsPX710601110000I would find pleasure in small things, e.g., bright sunny day, a telephone call from a friend:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Landscape_ViewPX710601120000I would be able to enjoy a beautiful landscape or view:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Helping_OthersPX710601130000I would get pleasure from helping others:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_Receive_PraisePX710601140000I would feel pleasure when I receive praise from other people:4N/A
PX710601_Pleasure_ScoringPX710601150000Either of the Disagree responses receives a score of 1 and either of the Agree responses receives a score of 0. The SHAPS is scored as the sum of the 14 items so that total scores ranged from 0 to 14. A higher total SHAPS score indicated higher levels of anhedonia. A cut-off score of 2 provides the best discrimination between ¿¿¿normal¿¿¿ and ¿¿¿abnormal¿¿¿ level of hedonic tone.4N/A