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Protocol - Motivation to Quit - Multiple Item

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Reasons for Quitting (RFQ) Questionnaire is a 20-item protocol developed to assess specific motivations for smoking cessation. The RFQ is based on an intrinsic-extrinsic model of motivation for smoking cessation with 10 intrinsic items (health concerns, self-control) and 10 extrinsic items (immediate reinforcement, social pressure).

Protocol:

Self-Administered

What are your reasons for wanting to quit smoking at this time? Below is a list of reasons that smokers may have for quitting. Read each reason and decide how much it applies to you right now. Then circle ONE number for each reason. Remember, there are no "right" or "wrong" reasons for wanting to quit smoking. Any reason is a good one!

Telephone Administered

Past smokers: This section is about reasons for quitting smoking. I am going to read you a list of twenty reasons that smokers may have for quitting. Please listen to each one and decide how true it was for you at the time you decided to quit. Then tell me if it was not at all true, a little true, moderately true, quite true, or extremely true when you decided to quit smoking.

Current smokers who desire to quit: This section is about reasons for quitting smoking. I am going to read you a list of twenty reasons that smokers may have for quitting. Listen to each one and decide whether it is not at all true, a little true, moderately true, quite true, or extremely true for you right now.

Current smokers who do not wish to quit: This section is about reasons for quitting smoking. Even though you don’t want to quit smoking now, we are interested in finding out the various reasons why people may decide to quit. I’m going to read you a list of twenty reasons that smokers may have for quitting. Listen to each one and decide whether it would be: not at all true, a little true, quite true, or extremely true for you if you were to decide to quit.

I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING:

1. Because I am concerned that I will suffer from a serious illness if I don’t quit smoking

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

2. To show myself that I can quit smoking if I really want to

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

3. So that my hair and clothes won’t smell

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

4. Because my spouse, children, or other person I am close to will stop nagging me if I quit smoking

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

5. Because I have noticed physical symptoms that smoking is hurting my health

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

6. Because I will like myself better if I quit smoking

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

7. So that I will save money on smoking-related costs such as dry cleaning

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

8. Because someone has given me an ultimatum (made a threat) to quit

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

9. Because I can graphically picture the effects that smoking has on my body

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

10. So that I can feel in control of my life

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

11. Because I won’t burn holes in clothing or furniture

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

12. Because I will receive a special gift if I quit

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

13. Because I have known other people who have died from serious illnesses that were caused by smoking

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

14. Because quitting smoking will prove that I can accomplish other things that are important to me

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

15. Because I want to save money that I spend on cigarettes

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

16. Because people I am close to will be upset with me if I don’t quit

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

17. Because I am concerned that smoking will shorten my life

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

18. To prove to myself that I am not addicted to cigarettes

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

19. So that I won’t have to clean my house or car as often

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

20. Because I will receive a financial reward for quitting (money from a friend or family member, bonus from work, etc.)

[] 0 Not at all true

[] 1 A little true

[] 2 Moderately true

[] 3 Quite true

[] 4 Extremely true

SCORING

Dimension Items

Intrinsic, Health Concerns 1, 5, 9, 13, 17

Intrinsic, Self-Control 2, 6, 10, 14, 18

Extrinsic, Immediate Reinforcement 3, 7, 11, 15, 19

Extrinsic, Social Pressure 4, 8, 12, 16, 20

COMPUTATION

We score the scaled as average ratings across the relevant sub-dimension items. Items with missing ratings can be excluded from the denominator. For example, the health concerns score = Sum of items (1 + 5 + 9 + 13 + 17)/5

If item #9 is missing data, the calculation would be the sum of items (1 + 5 + 13 + 17)/4

Level of intrinsic relative to extrinsic motivation is calculated as a difference score with the extrinsic scale score subtracted from the intrinsic score.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult

Specific Instructions:

Current smoking status must be ascertained before implementing this protocol. Proceed only if the subject is a current or former smoker. This questionnaire is most appropriate for tobacco users who are in some way motivated to quit smoking. Some appropriate motivation cut-off should be decided on to determine that the questions are appropriate. However, it should be noted that researchers could also administer this questionnaire to smokers who are not interested in quitting and use introductory text used by Curry et al. (1997): "Even though you don’t want to quit smoking now, we are interested in finding out the various reasons why people may decide to quit. Read each item and decide whether it would be true for you."

Note that an adolescent version has also been developed (Myers & MacPherson, 2008), although there are little validation data to date.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

February 20, 2015

Definition

This item provides either single or multiple item protocols as quantitative measures of a smoker's motivation to quit.

Purpose

These items assess the respondent's motivation to quit smoking.

Selection Rationale

The RFQ has good psychometrics, is multidimensional and that assesses Short-Term Consequences, Social Disapproval, and Long-Term Consequences motivations for quitting.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Tobacco Use Cessation Reason Questionnaire Assessment Score4719162CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Reasons for Quitting (RFQ) Questionnaire

Curry, S., Wagner, E. H., & Grothaus, L. C. (1990). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for smoking cessation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 58, 310-316.

General References

Curry, S. J., Grothaus, L. C., & McBride, C. M. (1997). Reasons for quitting: Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for smoking cessation in a population-based sample of smokers. Addictive Behaviors, 22(6), 727-739.

Curry, S. J., McBride, C. M., Grothaus, L. C., Lando, H. A., & Pirie, P. L. (2001). Motivation for smoking cessation among pregnant women. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 15(2), 126-132.

Curry, S. J., McBride, C., Grothaus, L. C., Louie, D., & Wagner, E. (1995). A randomized trial of self-help materials, personalized feedback and telephone counseling with non-volunteer smokers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 63(6), 1005-1014.

Curry, S., Wagner, E. H., & Grothaus, L. C. (1991). Evaluation of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation interventions with a self-help smoking cessation program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59(2), 318-324.

Downey, L., Rosengren, D. B., & Donovan, D. M. (2001). Sources of motivation for abstinence: A replication analysis of the Reasons for Quitting Questionnaire. Addictive Behaviors, 26, 79-89.

McBride, C. M., Curry, S. J., Stephens, R., Wells, E. A., Roffman, R., & Hawkins, J. D. (1994). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for change in cigarette smokers, marijuana smokers and cocaine users. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 8(4), 243-250.

Myers, M. G., & MacPherson, L. (2008). Adolescent reasons for smoking: Initial psychometric evaluation. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22, 129-134.

Protocol ID:

710502

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Concerend_IllnessPX710502010000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I am concerned that I will suffer from a serious illness if I don't quit smoking4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Show_MyselfPX710502020000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: To show myself that I can quit smoking if I really want to4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Won't_SmellPX710502030000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: So that my hair and clothes won¿¿¿t smell4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Family_NaggingPX710502040000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because my spouse, children, or other person I am close to will stop nagging me if I quit4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Physical_SymptomsPX710502050000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I have noticed physical symptoms that smoking is hurting my health4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Like_Myself_BetterPX710502060000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I will like myself better if I quit smoking4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Save_MoneyPX710502070000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: So that I will save money on smoking-related costs such as dry cleaning4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_UltimatumPX710502080000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because someone has given me an ultimatum (made a threat) to quit4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Effect_BodyPX710502090000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I can graphically picture the effects that smoking has on my body4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Feel_ControlPX710502100000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: So that I can feel in control of my life4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Won't_Burn_HolesPX710502110000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I won¿¿¿t burn holes in clothing or furniture4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Receive_GiftPX710502120000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I will receive a special gift if I quit4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Know_DiedPX710502130000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I have known other people who have died from serious illnesses that were caused by smoking4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Prove_AccomplishmentPX710502140000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because quitting smoking will prove that I can accomplish other things that are important to me4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Save_Money_CigarettesPX710502150000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I want to save money that I spend on cigarettes4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_People_Close_UpsetPX710502160000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because people I am close to will be upset with me if I don¿¿¿t quit4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Concerned_Shorten_LifePX710502170000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I am concerned that smoking will shorten my life4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Prove_Not_AddictedPX710502180000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: To prove to myself that I am not addicted to cigarettes4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Not_CleanPX710502190000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: So that I won¿¿¿t have to clean my house or car as often4N/A
PX710502_Quit_Smoking_Financial_RewardPX710502200000I WANT TO QUIT SMOKING: Because I will receive a financial reward for quitting (money from a friend or family member, bonus from work, etc.)4N/A