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Protocol - Aggression and Hostility

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This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) consists of 29 self-administered items rated on a 5-point Likert scale. The BPAQ includes four subscales: Physical Aggression (items 1-9), Verbal Aggression (items 10-14), Anger (items 15-21), and Hostility (items 22-29.)

The score for each scale is the sum or the ratings for its items. The two items (7 and 18) worded in the direction opposite to aggression are reverse-scored. The total score for aggression is the sum of these scale scores. Higher scores indicate higher aggressive behavior.

Protocol:

Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire

Please rate each of the following items in terms of how characteristic they are of you.

1. Once in a while I can’t control the urge to strike another person.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

2. Given enough provocation, I may hit another person.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

3. If somebody hits me, I hit back.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

4. I get into fights a little more than the average person.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

5. If I have to resort to violence to protect my rights, I will.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

6. There are people who pushed me so far that we came to blows.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

7. I can think of no good reason for ever hitting a person (R).

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

8. I have threatened people I know.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

9. I have become so mad that I have broken things.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

10. I tell my friends openly when I disagree with them.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

11. I often find myself disagreeing with people.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

12. When people annoy me, I may tell them what I think of them.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

13. I can’t help getting into arguments when people disagree with me.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

14. My friends say that I’m somewhat argumentative.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

15. I flare up quickly but get over it quickly.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

16. When frustrated, I let my irritation show.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

17. I sometimes feel like a powder keg ready to explode.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

18. I am an even-tempered person (R).

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

19. Some of my friends think I’m a hothead.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

20. Sometimes I fly off the handle for no good reason.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

21. I have trouble controlling my temper.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

22. I am sometimes eaten up with jealousy.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

23. At times I feel I have gotten a raw deal out of life.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

24. Other people always seem to get the breaks.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

25. I wonder why sometimes I feel so bitter about things.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

26. I know that "friends" talk about me behind my back.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

27. I am suspicious of overly friendly strangers.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

28. I sometimes feel that people are laughing at me behind me back.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

29. When people are especially nice, I wonder what they want.

[ ] 1 Extremely uncharacteristic

[ ] 2 Somewhat uncharacteristic

[ ] 3 Neither uncharacteristic nor characteristic

[ ] 4 Somewhat characteristic

[ ] 5 Extremely characteristic

Scoring:

Physical Aggression subscale: items 1-9.

Verbal Aggression subscale: items 10-14.

Anger subscale: items 15-21.

Hostility subscale: items 22-29.

The score for each scale is the sum or the ratings for its items. The two items (7 and 18) worded in the direction opposite to aggression are reverse-scored. The total score for aggression is the sum of these scale scores. Higher scores indicate higher aggressive behavior.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Specific Instructions:

The authors (Buss & Perry, 1992) recommend that investigators "scramble the items so that items from any one factor do not pile up."

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2014

Definition

A questionnaire that measures the personality trait of aggression.

Purpose

Aggression is a multifaceted construct reflecting a range of verbal, emotional, and physical behaviors that can result in physical or psychological harm, typically consisting of expressions of anger or hostility, assertions of dominance, and/or intimidation. Aggression is related to suicidal behavior and may be useful for distinguishing attempters from nonattempters. Aggression is also a risk factor for crime, violence, and substance abuse.

Selection Rationale

The Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) is a widely used, low-burden questionnaire that is considered as the gold standard measurement of aggression. The BPAQ has internal and test-retest reliability, strong convergent validity, and is appropriate for both adolescents and adults. The BPAQ is a revision of the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory, which was a widely used, well-validated aggression questionnaire.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Psychological Aggression Questionnaire Score4588819CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. (1992). The Aggression Questionnaire. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 63(3), 452-459.

General References

Bridge, J. A., McBee-Strayer, S. M., Cannon, E. A., Sheftall, A. H., Reynolds, B., Campo, J. V., Pajer, K. A., Barbe, R. P., & Brent, D. A. (2012). Impaired decision-making in adolescent suicide attempters. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(4), 394-403.

Doihara, C., Kawanishi. C., Yamada, T., Sato, R., Hasegawa, H., Furuno, T., Nakagawa, M., & Hirayasu Y. (2008). Trait aggression in suicide attempters: A pilot study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62(3), 352-354.

Dougherty, D. M., Mathias, C. W., Marsh, D. M., Papageorgiou, T. D., Swann, A. C., & Moeller, G. F. (2004). Laboratory measured behavioral impulsivity relates to suicide attempt history. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 34(4), 374-385.

Gerevich, J., Bacskal, E., & Czobor, P. (2007). The generalizability of the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 16(3), 124-136.

Protocol ID:

640701

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX640701_Aggression_Urge_ToStrikePX640701010100Once in a while I can't control the urge to strike another person.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Provocation_HitPX640701010200Given enough provocation, I may hit another person.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Hit_BackPX640701010300If somebody hits me, I hit back.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Get_Into_FightsPX640701010400I get into fights a little more than the average person.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Resort_ToViolencePX640701010500If I have to resort to violence to protect my rights, I will.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Pushed_To_BlowsPX640701010600There are people who pushed me so far that we came to blows.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_No_Reason_ToHItPX640701010700I can think of no good reason for ever hitting a person (R).4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Threatened_PeoplePX640701010800I have threatened people I know.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Mad_Broken_ThingsPX640701010900I have become so mad that I have broken things.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Openly_DisagreePX640701011000I tell my friends openly when I disagree with them.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Often_DisagreeeingPX640701011100I often find myself disagreeing with people.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Tell_What_IthinkPX640701011200When people annoy me, I may tell them what I think of them.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_Arguments_DisagreePX640701011300I can't help getting into arguments when people disagree with me.4N/A
PX640701_Anger_ArgumentativePX640701011400My friends say that I'm somewhat argumentative.4N/A
PX640701_Anger_Flare_Up_QuicklyPX640701011500I flare up quickly but get over it quickly.4N/A
PX640701_Anger_Frustrated_Show_IrritationPX640701011600When frustrated, I let my irritation show.4N/A
PX640701_Anger_Feel_Ready_ToExplodePX640701011700I sometimes feel like a powder keg ready to explode.4N/A
PX640701_Anger_Even-TemperedPX640701011800I am an even-tempered person ¿¿4N/A
PX640701_Anger_HotheadPX640701011900Some of my friends think I'm a hothead.4N/A
PX640701_Anger_Fly_Off_HandlePX640701012000Sometimes I fly off the handle for no good reason.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Trouble_Controlling_TemperPX640701012100I have trouble controlling my temper.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Sometimes_JealousPX640701012200I am sometimes eaten up with jealousy.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Raw_Deal_OfLifePX640701012300At times I feel I have gotten a raw deal out of life.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Others_Get_BreaksPX640701012400Other people always seem to get the breaks.4N/A
PX640701_HostilityBitterPX640701012500I wonder why sometimes I feel so bitter about things.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Friends_Talk_AboutMePX640701012600I know that "friends" talk about me behind my back.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_Suspicious_Of_StrangersPX640701012700I am suspicious of overly friendly strangers.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_People_Laughing_AtMePX640701012800I sometimes feel that people are laughing at me behind me back.4N/A
PX640701_Hostility_People_Nice_IwonderPX640701012900When people are especially nice, I wonder what they want.4N/A
PX640701_Aggression_ScorePX640701013000Physical Aggression subscale: items 1¿¿¿9. Verbal Aggression subscale: items 10¿¿¿14. Anger subscale: items 15¿¿¿21. Hostility subscale: items 22¿¿¿29. The score for each scale is the sum or the ratings for its items. The two items (7 and 18) worded in the direction opposite to aggression are reverse-scored. The total score for aggression is the sum of these scale scores. Higher scores indicate higher aggressive behavior.4N/A