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Protocol - PTSD Screener - DSM 5

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Primary Care-PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD-5) for The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is a self-administered instrument that includes five yes/no items that capture post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related experiences in the past month. It is designed to be used in primary care settings but is not restricted to those settings. It has been used to screen for PTSD in veterans at the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs but is not limited to military-related PTSD. In comparison to the PC-PTSD-IV Screen (PC-PTSD-IV) for The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), the DSM-5 version includes an additional symptom question and revised wording about exposure to a potentially traumatic event to better reflect new DSM criteria. Screening with PC-PTSD-5 is considered positive if the respondent answers yes to any three items. Provisional PTSD status based on screening typically requires verification with a structured interview for PTSD such as the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS; see [mlink[630400|PTSD Symptoms, Severity and Diagnosis]]).

Protocol:

Summary of the Primary Care PTSD screen for DSM-5

The PC-PTSD for DSM-5 includes an introductory statement about potentially traumatic events followed by 5 yes/no questions that capture:

  • Nightmares or unwanted thoughts about the event
  • Not thinking about or avoiding situations that remind participant of the event
  • On guard, watchful, or easily startled
  • Felt numb or detached
  • Felt guilty or unable to stop blaming oneself or others for event

Scoring:

The results of the PC-PTSD should be considered "positive" if a patient answers "yes" to any three items.

Availability:

The PC-PTSD screen for DSM-5 is under development. When it is released, it will be available from the National Center for PTSD at [link[www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/assessment/screens/pc-ptsd.asp|www.ptsd.va.gov]].

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult

Specific Instructions:

The PC-PTSD screen for DSM-5 is under development. When it is released, it will be available from the National Center for PTSD at [link[www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/assessment/screens/pc-ptsd.asp|www.ptsd.va.gov]].

This measure includes both the DSM-IV and DSM-5 versions of the Primary Care-PTSD Screen. The PhenX PTSD Working Group anticipates that scientific demands will dictate that researchers typically collect data in accordance with the most recent PTSD criteria and will use the DSM-5 version of the protocol. However, under special circumstances (e.g., when adding to older, existing data sets), researchers may decide to use the DSM-IV version instead

The PC-PTSD and the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies (DIGS) protocol included in the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder measure in the PhenX Psychiatric Domain collect similar information. Therefore, selecting both the PC-PTSD Checklist and DIGS will result in overlapping protocols. In contrast to the PC-PTSD, the DIGS excludes (i.e., skips out) participants that do not meet Criterion A2 (intense feelings of fear, helplessness, or horror).

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2014

Definition

A questionnaire to screen for the presence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Purpose

This measure is designed to screen efficiently for the presence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in settings with limited time and resources.

Selection Rationale

The Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD-5) for The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is based on the Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD-IV) for The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), which is a brief, widely used, psychometrically sound screen that has been shown to accurately identify patients who may qualify for a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. PC-PTSD-5 provides investigators with a brief screen for PTSD that aligns with revised PTSD criteria.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)PTSD Screener Questionnaire Score4588675CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

The Primary Care PTSD Screen (PC-PTSD-5) for The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) is still under development. When it is released, it will be available from the National Center for PTSD at www.ptsd.va.gov.

General References

Kaloupek, D. G., Chard, K. M., Freed, M. C., Peterson, A. L., Riggs, D. S., Stein, M. B., & Tuma, F. (2010). Common data elements for posttraumatic stress disorder research. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 91(11), 1684-1191.

Norris, F. H., & Hamblen, J. L. (2004). Standardized self-report measures of civilian trauma and PTSD. In J. P. Wilson, T. M. Keane, & T. Martin (Eds.). Assessing psychological trauma and PTSD (pp. 63-102). New York: Guilford Press.

Orsillo, S. M. (2001). Measures for acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder. In M. M. Antony & S. M. Orsillo (Eds.). Practitioner’s guide to empirically based measures of anxiety (pp. 255-307). New York: KluwerAcademic/Plenum.

Prins, A., Jenkins-Guarnieri, M., Smolenski, D., Marx, B., Kimerling, R., Kaloupek, D., Schnurr, P., Leyva, Y., & Tiet, Q. (2014, November). Revising the PC-PTSD Screen for DSM-5. Annual Meeting of the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, Miami, FL.

Prins, A., Ouimette, P., Kimerling, R., Cameron, R. P., Hugelshofer, D. S., Shaw-Hegwer, J., Thrailkill, A., Gusman, F. D., & Sheikh, J. I. (2003). The primary care PTSD screen (PC-PTSD): Development and operating characteristics. Primary Care Psychiatry, 9, 9-14.

Prins, A., Ouimette, P., Kimerling, R., Cameron, R. P., Hugelshofer, D. S., Shaw-Hegwer, J., Thrailkill, A., Gusman, F. D., & Sheikh, J. I. (2004). The primary care PTSD screen (PC-PTSD): Corrigendum. Primary Care Psychiatry, 9, 151.

Protocol ID:

630202

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX630202000000Protocol 630202 - proprietary. Check DCW for contact4N/A