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Protocol - Sensitivity to Reward and Punishment - Child

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Protocol Name from Source:

Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS)/Behavioral Activation System (BAS) scale - child version

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The child version of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/behavioral activation system (BAS) scale is a self- or proxy-administered 24-item questionnaire that measures individual differences in motivation. Respondents indicate how much they agree or disagree with the statements on a four-point scale (very true to not true). Scores can be derived for three behavioral activation system subscales (Drive, Fun Seeking, and Reward Responsiveness) and one behavioral inhibition system subscale. This scale is based on the original BIS/BAS system, which was later revised by Gray and McNaughton (2000).

Protocol:

Child BIS/BAS Scale

1. I do not become fearful or nervous, even when something bad happens to me. (R)

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

2. I do everything to get the things that I want.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

3. When I am doing well at something, I like to keep doing this.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

4. I am always willing to try something new, when I think it will be fun.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

5. I feel excited and full of energy when I get something that I want.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

6. I am hurt when people scold me or tell me that I do something wrong.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

7. When I want something, I usually go all the way to get it.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

8. I often do things for no other reason than that they might be fun.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

9. When I see an opportunity to get something that I want, I go for it right away.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

10. I feel pretty upset when I think that someone is angry with me.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

11. I get really excited when I see an opportunity to get something I like.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

12. I often do things on the spur of the moment.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

13. I usually get very tense when I think something unpleasant is going to happen.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

14. I get thrilled when good things happen to me.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

15. I feel worried when I think I have done poorly at something.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

16. I crave for excitement and new sensations.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

17. Nobody can stop me when I want something.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

18. I am very fearful compared to my friends.(R)

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

19. I get very excited when I would win a contest.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

20. I worry about making mistakes.

[ ] 0 Not true

[ ] 1 Somewhat true

[ ] 2 True

[ ] 3 Very true

Scoring

Items 1 and 18 are reverse-scored.

Add up the scores associated with each answer response to obtain scores for the individual subscales listed below.

BAS Drive: 2, 7, 9, 17

BAS Fun Seeking: 4, 8, 12, 16

BAS Reward Responsiveness: 3, 5, 11, 14, 19

BIS: 1, 6, 10, 13, 15, 18, 20

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Child

Specific Instructions:

The Working Group (WG) notes that this questionnaire can be easily altered for completion by a proxy (teacher or parent).

This version includes the four filler (unscored) questions (numbers 1, 6, 11, 17) developed for the adult version by Carver and White (1994).

The WG notes that although the answer responses for the adolescent/adult version of the behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/behavioral activation system (BAS) scale range from 1-4 and the answer responses for the child version range from 0-3, the scores are still comparable.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

This measure assesses the participant’s sensitivity to two motivational systems: the behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and the behavioral activation system (BAS).

Purpose

The behavioral inhibition system (BIS) alerts the person to danger and punishment through feelings of anxiety and therefore inhibits behavior that leads to negative consequences. The behavioral activation system (BAS) alerts the person to reward through feelings of elation and therefore promotes behavior that leads to positive consequences. Various psychological disorders-such as attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse-may result from an imbalance in one motivational system or the other (Bijttebier et al., 2009).

Selection Rationale

The behavioral inhibition system (BIS)/behavioral activation system (BAS) scale is easily administered, widely used, and correlates well with other similar measures.

Language

Dutch, English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Child Reward and Punishment Sensitivity Questionnaire Assessment Score3372041CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Muris, P., Meesters, C., de Kanter, E., & Timmerman, P. E. (2005). Behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation system scales for children: Relationships with Eysenck’s personality traits and psychopathological symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 831-841.

General References

Bijttebier, P., Beck, I., Claes, L., & Vandereycken, W. (2009). Gray’s reinforcement sensitivity theory as a framework for research on personality-psychopathology associations. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 421-430.

Carver, C. S., & White, T. L. (1994). Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67(2), 319-333.

Gray, J. A., & McNaughton, N. (2000). The neuropsychology of anxiety: An inquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Willem, L., Bijttebier, P., & Claes, L. (2010). Reactive and self-regulatory temperament dimensions in relation to alcohol use in adolescence. Addictive Behaviors, 35, 1029-1035.

Protocol ID:

540602

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX540602_Not_Fearful_When_Bad_HappensPX540602010000I do not become fearful or nervous, even when something bad happens to me.4N/A
PX540602_Do_Everything_To_Get_ThingsPX540602020000I do everything to get the things that I want.4N/A
PX540602_Like_To_Keep_DoingPX540602030000When I am doing well at something, I like to keep doing this.4N/A
PX540602_Willing_To_Try_Something_NewPX540602040000I am always willing to try something new, when I think it will be fun.4N/A
PX540602_Excited_And_Full_Of_EnergyPX540602050000I feel excited and full of energy when I get something that I want.4N/A
PX540602_Hurt_When_ScoldedPX540602060000I am hurt when people scold me or tell me that I do something wrong.4N/A
PX540602_Go_All_The_WayPX540602070000When I want something, I usually go all the way to get it.4N/A
PX540602_Do_Things_For_FunPX540602080000I often do things for no other reason than that they might be fun.4N/A
PX540602_Go_For_Opportunities_Right_AwayPX540602090000When I see an opportunity to get something that I want, I go for it right away.4N/A
PX540602_Upset_When_Someone_Is_AngryPX540602100000I feel pretty upset when I think that someone is angry with me.4N/A
PX540602_Excited_About_OpportunityPX540602110000I get really excited when I see an opportunity to get something I like.4N/A
PX540602_Spur_Of_The_MomentPX540602120000I often do things on the spur of the moment.4N/A
PX540602_Tense_When_Something_Unpleasant_HappensPX540602130000I usually get very tense when I think something unpleasant is going to happen.4N/A
PX540602_Thrilled_When_Good_Things_HappenPX540602140000I get thrilled when good things happen to me.4N/A
PX540602_Worried_When_Do_PoorlyPX540602150000I feel worried when I think I have done poorly at something.4N/A
PX540602_Crave_For_ExcitementPX540602160000I crave for excitement and new sensations.4N/A
PX540602_Nobody_Can_Stop_MePX540602170000Nobody can stop me when I want something.4N/A
PX540602_Fearful_Compared_To_My_FriendsPX540602180000I am very fearful compared to my friends.(R)4N/A
PX540602_Excited_About_Winning_ContestPX540602190000I get very excited when I would win a contest.4N/A
PX540602_Worry_About_Making_MistakesPX540602200000I worry about making mistakes.4N/A