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Protocol - Decision Making (Iowa Gambling Task) - Child

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Protocol Name from Source:

Iowa Gambling Test¿ - Child version

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The child version of the Iowa Gambling Test™, developed by Garon and Moore (2004), is an interviewer-administered task originally given to children aged 3-6. The participant selects one card at a time from four decks. Participants are instructed that each card selected will result in winning candy, with some cards also taking candy away. The goal of the task is to accumulate as much candy as possible. Several summary scores can be calculated, including total candy won and difference between advantageous and disadvantageous selections.

For more information about the Iowa Gambling Test™, please refer to the [link[www.cognitiveatlas.org/task/id/tsk_4a57abb949ae5|Cognitive Atlas Interpretation]].

Protocol:

Summary of the Child Version of the Iowa Gambling Test™ Developed by Garon and Moore (2004)

Participants are given a starting loan of 15 pieces of candy and then instructed that the goal of the task is to win as much candy as possible by drawing cards one at a time from four separate decks. All cards reward the participant with candy, while some both give and take away candy from the participant. Two of the decks are "disadvantageous" resulting in an equivalent net loss in the long run, while the other two decks are "advantageous" resulting in an equivalent net gain over time.

To account for the developing mental capabilities of children instead of adults, the child version of the Iowa Gambling Test™ limits the length of the test to 40 card choices (instead of 100) and varies rewards and contingencies over five card blocks (instead of 10 card blocks). Additionally, the child version includes a four question awareness test at the end to determine whether the child knew what was occurring during the test (i.e., which decks are "good" to choose from and why, which decks are "bad" to choose from and why).

Scoring

Several summary scores can be derived, including total amount of candy won, total number of cards selected from each deck, and the total scores from the awareness portion of the test (see Garon & Moore, 2004, for more details).

The Iowa Gambling Test™ is a trademark of PAR, Inc.

Personnel and Training Required

The child version of the Iowa Gambling Test™ can be administered by research assistants trained in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Investigators are encouraged to have quality control procedures in place to maintain consistency among examiners.

Equipment Needs

Examiners will need to fabricate four decks of cards according to the rules developed by Garon and Moore (2004), a score sheet to record the participant’s choices, and candy to give as rewards.

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Toddler, Child

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

This measure assesses the degree to which subjects can learn and adapt behavior to avoid punished responses in order to maximize benefits from a series of decisions.

Purpose

Substance users and substance-dependent individuals are known to have poor decision-making skills (Buelow & Suhr, 2009). Because decision-making skills develop during childhood and adolescence and continue into adulthood, this measure can be used to predict the emergence of potential new risk behaviors such as substance use.

Selection Rationale

This decision-making protocol developed by Garon and Moore (2004) is based on The Iowa Gambling Test™, a well-known test of poor decision making, in which users of alcohol, cocaine, opiates, and marijuana users have been shown to perform more poorly than controls. Furthermore, the Iowa Gambling Test™ was originally developed for patients with lesions in the prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain known to be involved in addiction disorders.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Neurobehavioral Child Decision Making Assessment Score3346926CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Garon, N., & Moore, C. (2004). Complex decision-making in early childhood. Brain and Cognition, 55(1), 158-170.

General References

Bechara, A., Damasio, A. R., Damasio, H., & Anderson, S. W. (1994). Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cognition, 50(1-3), 7-15.

Bechara, A., Tranel, D., & Damasio, H. (2000). Characterization of the decision-making deficit of patients with ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions. Brain, 123, 2189-2202.

Bowman, C. H., & Turnbull, O. H. (2003). Real versus facsimile reinforcers on the Iowa gambling task. Brain and Cognition, 53, 207-210.

Buelow, M. T., & Suhr, J. A. (2009). Construct validity of the Iowa Gambling Task. Neuropsychology Review, 19(1), 102-114.

Protocol ID:

530201

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX530201_Participant_Wants_To_PlayPX530201000000Participant wants to play the game.4N/A
PX530201_Participant_Understands_The_RulesPX530201010000Participant understands the rules of the game.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_1PX530201030100Deck card 1 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card1PX530201030200Number of candies won with card 1.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card1PX530201030300Number of candies lost with card 1.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_2PX530201040100Deck card 2 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card2PX530201040200Number of candies won with card 2.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card2PX530201040300Number of candies lost with card 2.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_3PX530201050100Deck card 3 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card3PX530201050200Number of candies won with card 3.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card3PX530201050300Number of candies lost with card 3.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_4PX530201060100Deck card 4 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card4PX530201060200Number of candies won with card 4.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card4PX530201060300Number of candies lost with card 4.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_5PX530201070100Deck card 5 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card5PX530201070200Number of candies won with card 5.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card5PX530201070300Number of candies lost with card 5.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_6PX530201080100Deck card 6 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card6PX530201080200Number of candies won with card 6.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card6PX530201080300Number of candies lost with card 6.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_7PX530201090100Deck card 7 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card7PX530201090200Number of candies won with card 7.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card7PX530201090300Number of candies lost with card 7.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_8PX530201100100Deck card 8 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card8PX530201100200Number of candies won with card 8.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card8PX530201100300Number of candies lost with card 8.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_9PX530201110100Deck card 9 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card9PX530201110200Number of candies won with card 9.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card9PX530201110300Number of candies lost with card 9.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_10PX530201120100Deck card 10 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card10PX530201120200Number of candies won with card 10.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card10PX530201120300Number of candies lost with card 10.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_11PX530201130100Deck card 11 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card11PX530201130200Number of candies won with card 11.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card11PX530201130300Number of candies lost with card 11.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card12PX530201140200Number of candies won with card 12.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card12PX530201140300Number of candies lost with card 12.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_13PX530201150100Deck card 13 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card13PX530201150200Number of candies won with card 13.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card13PX530201150300Number of candies lost with card 13.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_14PX530201160100Deck card 14 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card14PX530201160200Number of candies won with card 14.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card14PX530201160300Number of candies lost with card 14.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_15PX530201170100Deck card 15 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card15PX530201170200Number of candies won with card 15.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card15PX530201170300Number of candies lost with card 15.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_16PX530201180100Deck card 16 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card16PX530201180200Number of candies won with card 16.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card16PX530201180300Number of candies lost with card 16.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_17PX530201190100Deck card 17 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card17PX530201190200Number of candies won with card 17.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card17PX530201190300Number of candies lost with card 17.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_18PX530201200100Deck card 18 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card18PX530201200200Number of candies won with card 18.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card18PX530201200300Number of candies lost with card 18.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_19PX530201210100Deck card 19 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card19PX530201210200Number of candies won with card 19.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card19PX530201210300Number of candies lost with card 19.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_12PX530201140100Deck card 12 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_20PX530201220100Deck card 20 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card20PX530201220200Number of candies won with card 20.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card20PX530201220300Number of candies lost with card 20.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_21PX530201230100Deck card 21 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card21PX530201230200Number of candies won with card 21.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card21PX530201230300Number of candies lost with card 21.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_22PX530201240100Deck card 22 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card22PX530201240200Number of candies won with card 22.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card22PX530201240300Number of candies lost with card 22.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_23PX530201250100Deck card 23 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card23PX530201250200Number of candies won with card 23.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card23PX530201250300Number of candies lost with card 23.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_24PX530201260100Deck card 24 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card24PX530201260200Number of candies won with card 24.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card24PX530201260300Number of candies lost with card 24.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_25PX530201270100Deck card 25 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card25PX530201270200Number of candies won with card 25.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card25PX530201270300Number of candies lost with card 25.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_26PX530201280100Deck card 26 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card26PX530201280200Number of candies won with card 26.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card26PX530201280300Number of candies lost with card 26.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_27PX530201290100Deck card 27 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card27PX530201290200Number of candies won with card 27.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card27PX530201290300Number of candies lost with card 27.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_28PX530201300100Deck card 28 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card28PX530201300200Number of candies won with card 28.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card28PX530201300300Number of candies lost with card 28.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_29PX530201310100Deck card 29 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card29PX530201310200Number of candies won with card 29.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card29PX530201310300Number of candies lost with card 29.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_30PX530201320100Deck card 30 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card30PX530201320200Number of candies won with card 30.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card30PX530201320300Number of candies lost with card 30.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_31PX530201330100Deck card 31 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card31PX530201330200Number of candies won with card 31.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_32PX530201340100Deck card 32 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card32PX530201340200Number of candies won with card 32.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card32PX530201340300Number of candies lost with card 32.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_33PX530201350100Deck card 33 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card33PX530201350200Number of candies won with card 33.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card33PX530201350300Number of candies lost with card 33.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_34PX530201360100Deck card 34 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card34PX530201360200Number of candies won with card 34.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card34PX530201360300Number of candies lost with card 34.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_35PX530201370100Deck card 35 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card35PX530201370200Number of candies won with card 35.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card35PX530201370300Number of candies lost with card 35.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_36PX530201380100Deck card 36 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card36PX530201380200Number of candies won with card 36.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card36PX530201380300Number of candies lost with card 36.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_37PX530201390100Deck card 37 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card37PX530201390200Number of candies won with card 37.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card37PX530201390300Number of candies lost with card 37.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_38PX530201400100Deck card 38 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card38PX530201400200Number of candies won with card 38.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card38PX530201400300Number of candies lost with card 38.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_39PX530201410100Deck card 39 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card39PX530201410200Number of candies won with card 39.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card39PX530201410300Number of candies lost with card 39.4N/A
PX530201_Deck_Chosen_Card_40PX530201420100Deck card 40 was chosen from4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Won_Card40PX530201420200Number of candies won with card 40.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card40PX530201420300Number of candies lost with card 40.4N/A
PX530201_Number_Candies_Lost_Card31PX530201330300Number of candies lost with card 31.4N/A
PX530201_Best_Deck_To_Pick_FromPX530201430000Now that we are done with the game, which deck was the best to pick from?4N/A
PX530201_Why_Best_To_Pick_FromPX530201440000Why do you think this was the best to pick from?4N/A
PX530201_Worst_Deck_To_Pick_FromPX530201450000Which deck was the worst to pick from?4N/A
PX530201_Why_Worst_To_Pick_FromPX530201460000Why do you think this was the worst to pick from?4N/A