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Protocol - Motives - Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances - Specific - Drugs

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Protocol Name from Source:

National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future (MTF), 2015.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

Respondents complete self-administered questions from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) 2015 questionnaire regarding their reason(s) for using marijuana or hasish, amphetamines or other stimulant drugs, tranquilizers, cocaine and/or narcotics other than heroin (e.g., feel good, fit in, anger, tastes good, hooked)

Protocol:

1. What have been the most important reasons for your using marijuana or hashish? (Mark all that apply.)

[ ] To experiment - to see what it’s like

[ ] To relax or relieve tension

[ ] To feel good or get high

[ ] To seek deeper insights and understanding

[ ] To have a good time with my friends

[ ] To fit in with a group I like

[ ] To get away from my problems or troubles

[ ] Because of boredom, nothing else to do

[ ] Because of anger or frustration

[ ] To get through the day

[ ] To increase the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To decrease (offset) the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To get to sleep

[ ] Because it tastes good

[ ] Because I am "hooked"- I feel I have to drink

2. What have been the most important reasons for your taking amphetamines or other stimulant drugs without a doctor’s orders? (Mark all that apply.)

[ ] To experiment - to see what it’s like

[ ] To relax or relieve tension

[ ] To feel good or get high

[ ] To seek deeper insights and understanding

[ ] To have a good time with my friends

[ ] To fit in with a group I like

[ ] To get away from my problems or troubles

[ ] Because of boredom, nothing else to do

[ ] Because of anger or frustration

[ ] To get through the day

[ ] To increase the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To decrease (offset) the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To get to sleep

[ ] Because it tastes good

[ ] Because I am "hooked"- I feel I have to drink

3. What have been the most important reasons for your taking tranquilizers? (Mark all that apply.)

[ ] To experiment - to see what it’s like

[ ] To relax or relieve tension

[ ] To feel good or get high

[ ] To seek deeper insights and understanding

[ ] To have a good time with my friends

[ ] To fit in with a group I like

[ ] To get away from my problems or troubles

[ ] Because of boredom, nothing else to do

[ ] Because of anger or frustration

[ ] To get through the day

[ ] To increase the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To decrease (offset) the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To get to sleep

[ ] Because it tastes good

[ ] Because I am "hooked"- I feel I have to drink

4. What have been the most important reasons for your taking cocaine? (Mark all that apply.)

[ ] To experiment - to see what it’s like

[ ] To relax or relieve tension

[ ] To feel good or get high

[ ] To seek deeper insights and understanding

[ ] To have a good time with my friends

[ ] To fit in with a group I like

[ ] To get away from my problems or troubles

[ ] Because of boredom, nothing else to do

[ ] Because of anger or frustration

[ ] To get through the day

[ ] To increase the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To decrease (offset) the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To get to sleep

[ ] Because it tastes good

[ ] Because I am "hooked"- I feel I have to drink

5. What have been the most important reasons for your using narcotics other than heroin without a doctor’s orders? (Mark all that apply.)

[ ] To experiment - to see what it’s like

[ ] To relax or relieve tension

[ ] To feel good or get high

[ ] To seek deeper insights and understanding

[ ] To have a good time with my friends

[ ] To fit in with a group I like

[ ] To get away from my problems or troubles

[ ] Because of boredom, nothing else to do

[ ] Because of anger or frustration

[ ] To get through the day

[ ] To increase the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To decrease (offset) the effects of some other drug(s)

[ ] To get to sleep

[ ] Because it tastes good

[ ] Because I am "hooked"- I feel I have to drink

Personnel and Training Required

None.

Equipment Needs

None.

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Specific Instructions:

Although the MTF is validated for adolescents, the Working Group notes that the instrument could be administered to adults.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess the motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to assess motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs, by asking the respondent questions about his/her thoughts and motivations for such actions.The Working Group recommends that investigators incorporate two DMQ-R subscales (coping and enhancement) as core items to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The follow-up protocols (including the full version of the DMQ-R) can then be used to obtain detailed information on a single substance.

Selection Rationale

The Monitoring the Future (MTF) protocol was chosen because it has been used in a comprehensive research project with large samples that are nationally representative. The MTF is a repeated series of surveys in which the same segments of the population (8th-, 10th-, and 12th-graders; college students; and young adults) are presented with the same set of questions over a period of years to see how answers change over time. The measures for this questionnaire have been validated and used widely in the literature with adolescents and young adults.

Language

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Marijuana Motive Measure (MMM) Assessment Score3332524CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• Updated protocol

• New Data Dictionary

Back-compatible: Not back-compatible (vastly different than previous protocol which would require a new data dictionary) and not recommended for use (discredited or no longer considered broadly validated)

Previous version in Toolkit archive ([link[www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=resources.archive|link]])

Source

National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research, Monitoring the Future (MTF), 2015. 12th Grade Form, Part B, Questions 28, 53, 68, 92.

General References

Miech, R. A., Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2015). Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975-2014: Volume I, Secondary school students. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, 599 pp.

Protocol ID:

520506

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping