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Protocol - Motives - Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances - Specific - Tobacco

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Protocol Name from Source:

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Brief Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (Brief WISDM) consists of 37 questions spanning 11 subscales about the respondent’s reasons for cigarette smoking. Each question is answered on a seven-point scale ranging from 1 for "Not true of me at all" to 7 for "Extremely true of me." The Brief WISDM was developed from the full 68-item WISDM.

Protocol:

Below are a series of statements about cigarette smoking. Please rate your level of agreement for each using the following scale. There are no right or wrong answers.

1. I often smoke without thinking about it

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

2. Cigarettes control me

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

3. I usually want to smoke right after I wake up

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

4. It’s hard to ignore an urge to smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

5. The flavor of a cigarette is pleasing

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

6. I frequently smoke to keep my mind focused

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

7. I rely upon smoking to control my hunger and eating

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

8. My life is full of reminders to smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

9. Smoking helps me feel better in seconds

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

10. I smoke without deciding to

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

11. Cigarettes keep me company, like a close friend

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

12. There are particular sights and smells that trigger strong urges to smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

13. Smoking helps me stay focused

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

14. I frequently light cigarettes without thinking about it

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

15. Most of my daily cigarettes taste good

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

16. Sometimes I feel like cigarettes rule my life

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

17. I frequently crave cigarettes

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

18. Most of the people I spend time with are smokers

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

19. Weight control is a major reason that I smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

20. Some of the cigarettes I smoke taste great

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

21. I’m really hooked on cigarettes

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

22. Sometimes I feel like cigarettes are my best friends

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

23. My urges to smoke keep getting stronger if I don’t smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

24. Seeing someone smoke makes me really want a cigarette

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

25. I find myself reaching for cigarettes without thinking about it

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

26. I would feel alone without my cigarettes

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

27. A lot of my friends or family smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

28. Other smokers would consider me a heavy smoker

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

29. When I haven’t been able to smoke for a few hours, the craving gets intolerable

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

30. Most of my friends and acquaintances smoke

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

31. I smoke within the first 30 minutes of awakening in the morning

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

32. Smoking helps me think better

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

33. Smoking really helps me feel better if I’ve been feeling down

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

34. Smoking keeps me from overeating

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

35. My smoking is out of control

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

36. I consider myself a heavy smoker

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

37. Even when I feel good, smoking helps me feel better

1 [ ] Not true of me at all

[ ] 2

[ ] 3

[ ] 4

[ ] 5

[ ] 6

7 [ ] Extremely true of me

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

Brief WISDM subscale

Scoring procedure

Affiliative Attachment

Mean of items 11, 22, 26

Automaticity

Mean of items 1, 10, 14, 25

Loss of Control

Mean of items 2, 16, 21, 35

Cognitive Enhancement

Mean of items 6, 13, 32

Craving

Mean of items 4, 17, 23, 29

Cue Exposure/Associative Processes

Mean of items 8, 12, 24

Social/Environmental Goads

Mean of items 18, 27, 30

Taste

Mean of items 5, 15, 20

Tolerance

Mean of items 3, 28, 31, 36

Weight Control

Mean of items 7, 19, 34

Affective Enhancement

Mean of items 9, 33, 37

Total Score

Sum of means for the 11 subscales

The scoring scheme reflects factors identified in the original publications. Factor structure may differ in individual studies.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

These questions are only asked if a respondent had answered affirmatively one of the questions in the "Tobacco - Smoking Status" measure.

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess the motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to assess motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs, by asking the respondent questions about his/her thoughts and motivations for such actions.The Working Group recommends that investigators incorporate two DMQ-R subscales (coping and enhancement) as core items to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The follow-up protocols (including the full version of the DMQ-R) can then be used to obtain detailed information on a single substance.

Selection Rationale

The Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (WISDM) is widely used. The Brief WISDM has been found to be comparable with the full WISDM in terms of internal consistency, concurrent validity, model fit, predictive validity, and long-term stability (Smith et al., 2010).

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Tobacco Brief Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motive (Brief WISDM) Questionnaire Assessment Score3332528CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Piper, M. E., Piasecki, T. M., Federman, E. B., Bolt, D. M., Smith, S. S., Fiore, M. C., & Baker, T. B. (2004). A multiple motives approach to tobacco dependence: The Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (WISDM-68). Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72(2), 139-154.

Smith, S. S., Piper, M. E., Bolt, D. M., Fiore, M. C., Wetter, D. W., Cinciripini, P. M., & Baker, T. B. (2010). Development of the Brief Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (Brief WISDM). Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 12(5), 489-499.

General References

Piasecki, T. M., Piper, M. E., & Baker, T. B. (2010). Refining the tobacco dependence phenotype using the Wisconsin inventory of smoking dependence motives: II. Evidence from a laboratory self-administration assay. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119(3), 513-523.

Piasecki, T. M., Piper, M. E., Baker, T. B., & Hunt-Carter, E. E. (2011). WISDM primary and secondary dependence motives: Associations with self-monitored motives for smoking in two college samples. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 114(2-3), 207-216.

Protocol ID:

520504

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520504_Smoke_Without_ThinkingPX520504010000I often smoke without thinking about it4N/A
PX520504_Cigarettes_Control_MePX520504020000Cigarettes control me4N/A
PX520504_Smoke_Right_After_WakePX520504030000I usually want to smoke right after I wake up4N/A
PX520504_Hard_To_Ignore_Urge_SmokePX520504040000It¿¿¿s hard to ignore an urge to smoke4N/A
PX520504_Cigarette_Flavor_Is_PleasingPX520504050000The flavor of a cigarette is pleasing4N/A
PX520504_Smoke_To_Keep_FocusedPX520504060000I frequently smoke to keep my mind focused4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_To_Control_HungerPX520504070000I rely upon smoking to control my hunger and eating4N/A
PX520504_Reminders_To_SmokePX520504080000My life is full of reminders to smoke4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Feel_Better_In_SecondsPX520504090000Smoking helps me feel better in seconds4N/A
PX520504_Smoke_Without_DecidingPX520504100000I smoke without deciding to4N/A
PX520504_Cigarettes_Keep_Me_CompanyPX520504110000Cigarettes keep me company, like a close friend4N/A
PX520504_Sights_Smells_Trigger_Urge_SmokePX520504120000There are particular sights and smells that trigger strong urges to smoke4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Helps_Me_Stay_FocusedPX520504130000Smoking helps me stay focused4N/A
PX520504_Light_Cigarettes_Without_ThinkingPX520504140000I frequently light cigarettes without thinking about it4N/A
PX520504_Most_Cigarettes_Taste_GoodPX520504150000Most of my daily cigarettes taste good4N/A
PX520504_Cigarettes_Rule_My_LifePX520504160000Sometimes I feel like cigarettes rule my life4N/A
PX520504_Frequently_Crave_CigarettesPX520504170000I frequently crave cigarettes4Variable Mapping
PX520504_People_Spend_Time_With_SmokePX520504180000Most of the people I spend time with are smokers4N/A
PX520504_Smoke_For_Weight_ControlPX520504190000Weight control is a major reason that I smoke4N/A
PX520504_Some_Cigarettes_Taste_GreatPX520504200000Some of the cigarettes I smoke taste great4N/A
PX520504_Really_Hooked_On_CigarettesPX520504210000I¿¿¿m really hooked on cigarettes4N/A
PX520504_Cigarettes_Best_FriendsPX520504220000Sometimes I feel like cigarettes are my best friends4N/A
PX520504_Urges_To_Smoke_Get_StrongerPX520504230000My urges to smoke keep getting stronger if I don¿¿¿t smoke4N/A
PX520504_Seeing_Someone_SmokePX520504240000Seeing someone smoke makes me really want a cigarette4N/A
PX520504_Reaching_For_Cigarettes_Without_ThinkingPX520504250000I find myself reaching for cigarettes without thinking about it4N/A
PX520504_Feel_Alone_Without_CigarettesPX520504260000I would feel alone without my cigarettes4N/A
PX520504_Friends_Or_Family_SmokePX520504270000A lot of my friends or family smoke4N/A
PX520504_Smokers_Consider_Me_Heavy_SmokerPX520504280000Other smokers would consider me a heavy smoker4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Craving_Gets_IntolerablePX520504290000When I haven¿¿¿t been able to smoke for a few hours, the craving gets intolerable4N/A
PX520504_Smoke_Within_30Minutes_Of_AwakeningPX520504310000I smoke within the first 30 minutes of awakening in the morning4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Helps_Me_Think_BetterPX520504320000Smoking helps me think better4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Helps_Me_Feel_BetterPX520504330000Smoking really helps me feel better if I¿¿¿ve been feeling down4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Keeps_Me_From_OvereatingPX520504340000Smoking keeps me from overeating4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Out_Of_ControlPX520504350000My smoking is out of control4N/A
PX520504_I_Consider_Myself_Heavy_SmokerPX520504360000I consider myself a heavy smoker4N/A
PX520504_Smoking_Feel_Better_When_FeelingGoodPX520504370000Even when I feel good, smoking helps me feel better4N/A
PX520504_Most_Friends_Acquantances_SmokePX520504300000Most of my friends and acquaintances smoke4N/A