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Protocol - Motives - Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances - General

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Protocol Name from Source:

The Expert Review Panel has not reviewed this measure yet.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The coping and enhancement subscales from the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R) consist of 10 questions about the respondent’s coping and enhancement motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol. The respondent is asked to respond to each question via a five-item scale ranging from 1 for "almost never/never" to 5 for "almost always/always."

Protocol:

Here is a list of reasons people give for drinking alcohol (smoking cigarettes or using [insert name of drug of interest]). Thinking of all the times you drink (smoke cigarettes or use [insert name of drug of interest]), how often would you say that you drink (smoke cigarettes or use [insert name of drug of interest]) for each of the following reasons?

There are no right or wrong answers to these questions.

1. To forget your worries

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

2. Because it helps you when you feel depressed or nervous

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

3. To cheer up when you are in a bad mood

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

4. Because you like the feeling

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

5. Because it’s exciting

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

6. To get high

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

7. Because it gives you a pleasant feeling

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

8. Because you feel more self-confident or sure of yourself

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

9. To forget about your problems

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

10. Because it’s fun

1 [ ] almost never/never

2 [ ] some of the time

3 [ ] half of the time

4 [ ] most of the time

5 [ ] almost always/always

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

The items were renumbered 1-10 from their original item numbers in the full Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R), but the order of the items is consistent.

DMQ-R subscale

Scoring procedure

Coping Motives

Mean of items 1, 2, 3, 8, and 9

Enhancement Motives

Mean of items 4, 5, 6, 7, and 10

The scoring scheme reflects factors identified in the original publication. Factor structure may differ in individual studies.

Personnel and Training Required

The instrument was used initially as an interview in a study of adolescents but has been validated in young adult populations. The interviewer must be trained and found to be competent to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population. The interviewer should be trained to prompt respondents further if a "don’t know" response is provided.

Most researchers administer the instrument as a self-report.

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

The subscales of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R) have been validated for alcohol and more broadly adapted to a variety of substances, including tobacco, marijuana, and cocaine. The questions in the DMQ-R are applicable to substances in general by replacing the phrase "drinking alcohol" with "smoking cigarettes" or "using [insert name of drug of interest]."

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess the motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to assess motives (reasons) for drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, or using drugs, by asking the respondent questions about his/her thoughts and motivations for such actions.The Working Group recommends that investigators incorporate two DMQ-R subscales (coping and enhancement) as core items to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The follow-up protocols (including the full version of the DMQ-R) can then be used to obtain detailed information on a single substance.

Selection Rationale

The Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R) includes the coping and enhancement subscales. It is a well-validated and widely used instrument in both clinical and research settings. The instrument was initially used as an interview in a study of adolescents, but it has since been validated in adult populations.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Alcohol Revised Drinking Motive Questionnaire (DMQ-R) Assessment Score3332520CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Cooper, M. L. (1994). Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: Development and validation of a four-factor model. Psychological Assessment, 6(2), 117-128.

General References

Comeau, N., Stewart, S. H., & Loba, P. (2001). The relations of trait anxiety, anxiety sensitivity, and sensation seeking to adolescents’ motivations for alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use. Addictive Behaviors, 26(6), 803-825.

Cooper, M. L., Russell, M., Skinner, J. B., & Windle, M. (1992). Development and validation of a three-dimensional measure of drinking motives. Psychological Assessment, 4(2), 123-132.

Kuntsche, E., Knibbe, R., Gmel, G., & Engels, R. (2005). Why do young people drink? A review of drinking motives. Clinical Psychology Review, 25(7), 841-861.

Kuntsche, E., Knibbe, R., Gmel, G., & Engels, R. (2006). Replication and validation of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R, Cooper, 1994) among adolescents in Switzerland. European Addiction Research, 12, 161-168.

Kuntsche, E., Steward, S. H., & Cooper, M. L. (2008). How stable is the motive-alcohol use link? A cross-national validation of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised among adolescents from Switzerland, Canada, and the United States. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 69(3), 388-396.

Muesser, K. T., Pallavi, N., Tracy, J. I., DeGirolamo, J., & Mollinaro, M. (1995). Expectations and motives for substance use in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 21(3), 367-378.

Simons, J., Correia, C. J., Carey, K. B., & Borsari, B. E. (1998). Validating a five-factor marijuana motives measure: Relations with use, problems, and alcohol motives. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45(3), 265-273.

Stewart, S. H., Zeitlin, S. B., & Samoluk, S. B. (1996). Examination of a three-dimensional drinking motives questionnaire in a young adult university student sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 34(1), 61-71.

Ward, L.C., & Kersh, B.C. (1997). Psychometric assessment of motives for using cocaine in men with substance use disorders. Psychological Reports, 80(1), 189-190.

Protocol ID:

520501

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520501_To_Forget_Your_WorriesPX520501010000To forget your worries4N/A
PX520501_Helps_When_Depressed_Or_NervousPX520501020000Because it helps you when you feel depressed or nervous4N/A
PX520501_To_Cheer_UpPX520501030000To cheer up when you are in a bad mood4N/A
PX520501_Because_You_Like_The_FeelingPX520501040000Because you like the feeling4N/A
PX520501_Because_Its_ExcitingPX520501050000Because it¿¿¿s exciting4N/A
PX520501_To_Get_HighPX520501060000To get high4N/A
PX520501_Gives_You_A_Pleasant_FeelingPX520501070000Because it gives you a pleasant feeling4N/A
PX520501_More_SelfconfidentPX520501080000Because you feel more self-confident or sure of yourself4N/A
PX520501_To_Forget_About_Your_ProblemsPX520501090000To forget about your problems4N/A
PX520501_Because_Its_FunPX520501100000Because it¿¿¿s fun4N/A