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Protocol - Expectancies - Alcohol, Cigarette Smoking, and Other Smoking - Prescription Stimulant Drugs

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Protocol Name from Source:

Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ)

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) is a 40-item instrument containing statements about the positive and negative effect expectancies of prescription stimulants, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Concerta®), dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®), and amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall®). It is scored on a 3-point Likert scale that ranging from 0 for "Not at all" to 2 for "Very often or always." The PSEQ has been used with recreational and medical users.

Protocol:

The following pages contain statements about the effects of prescription stimulants, including Adderall®, Ritalin®, Concerta®, and Dexedrine®.

A. Have you ever used a prescription stimulant (like Adderall® or Ritalin®) for any reason?

[ ] YES

[ ] NO

Read each statement carefully and respond according to your own personal thoughts, feelings, and beliefs about prescription stimulants now. We are interested in what you think about prescription stimulants, regardless of what other people might think.

Whether or not you have had actual experiences with prescription stimulants yourself, you are to answer in terms of your beliefs about prescription stimulants. It is important that you respond to every question. There are no right or wrong answers.

Please fill out the following questions according to your beliefs about the stimulant drug you know best. PLEASE BE HONEST. REMEMBER, YOUR ANSWERS ARE CONFIDENTIAL. RESPOND TO THESE ITEMS ACCORDING TO WHAT YOU PERSONALLY BELIEVE TO BE TRUE ABOUT A MODERATE AMOUNT OF STIMULANTS - HOWEVER YOU DEFINE MODERATE.

1. Distractions disappear.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

2. I absorb new material the first time through.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

3. I can't focus on more than one thing at a time.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

4. I can focus very well.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

5. I can ignore distractions more easily.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

6. I can pay attention really well.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

7. I can study for hours and hours.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

8. I can't hold still.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

9. I can't sleep even if I want to.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

10. I can't calm down.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

11. I don't end up daydreaming.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

12. I don't want to study without it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

13. I enjoy studying a lot more.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

14. I feel drained the next day.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

15. I feel guilty for taking it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

16. I feel like I can't get through the day without it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

17. I feel like I'm cutting corners to do well.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

18. I feel sick to my stomach.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

19. I feel twitchy.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

20. I focus on unimportant tasks.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

21. I get annoyed with myself for taking it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

22. I get nervous and edgy.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

23. I learn very efficiently.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

24. I need fewer breaks when I study.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

25. I wish I could do as well without it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

26. I worry that I'm addicted to it.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

27. I'm all amped up.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

28. It's no trouble to sit still.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

29. I've come to see it as a crutch.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

30. My ability to focus is better.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

31. My concentration is excellent.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

32. My focus is crystal clear.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

33. My head hurts.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

34. My memory is better.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

35. My mind doesn't wander.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

36. My mind is razor sharp.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

37. My thoughts follow more logically.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

38. My thoughts stay on track better.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

39. My work seems more interesting.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

40. My heart races.

0 [ ] Not at all

1 [ ] Sometimes

2 [ ] Very often or always

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) score is calculated by averaging the item scores. Half of the items (1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 13, 23, 24, 28, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, and 39) are scored with 0 = "Not at all," 1= "Sometimes," and 2 = "Very often or always." The other half of the items (3, 8, 9, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 29, 33, and 40) are reverse-scored with 2 = "Not at all," 1 = "Sometimes," and 0 = "Very often or always."

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. When assessing minors with these questions, it may be necessary to obtain informed consent from a parent of the adolescent. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of the NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess expectations of the positive and negative effects of drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, using marijuana, using illegal stimulant drugs, or misusing prescription stimulant drugs.

Purpose

These five self-reported questionnaires separately assess expectations of drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, using marijuana, using illegal stimulant drugs, or misusing prescription stimulant drugs, by asking the respondents about possible consequences of such actions.

Selection Rationale

The Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) was selected because the psychometric properties were generally sound, with high internal consistency and good discriminant validity between scales.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Substance Abuse Prescription Stimulant Expectancy Questionnaire (PSEQ) Assessment Score3332501CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Questionnaire

Looby, A., & Earleywine, M. (2009). Prescription stimulant expectancies in recreational and medical users: Results from a preliminary expectancy questionnaire. Substance Use and Misuse, 44(11), 1578–1591.

Questionnaire Instructions (adapted from the Stimulant Effect Expectancy Questionnaire)

Schafer, J., & Brown, S. A. (1991). Marijuana and cocaine effect expectancies and drug use patterns. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 59, 558–565.

General References

Looby, A., & Earleywine, M. (2010). Psychometric evaluation of a prescription stimulant expectancy questionnaire. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 18(4), 375–383.

Protocol ID:

520405

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520405_Annoyed_With_Myself_For_StimulantsPX520405210000I get annoyed with myself for taking it.4N/A
PX520405_Get_Nervous_Edgy_StimulantsPX520405220000I get nervous and edgy.4N/A
PX520405_Learn_Efficiently_StimulantsPX520405230000I learn very efficiently.4N/A
PX520405_Need_Fewer_Study_Breaks_StimulantsPX520405240000I need fewer breaks when I study.4N/A
PX520405_Wish_Do_Well_Without_StimulantsPX520405250000I wish I could do as well without it.4N/A
PX520405_Worry_Im_Addicted_StimulantsPX520405260000I worry that I¿¿¿m addicted to it.4N/A
PX520405_All_Amped_Up_StimulantsPX520405270000I¿¿¿m all amped up.4N/A
PX520405_No_Trouble_Sit_Still_StimulantsPX520405280000It¿¿¿s no trouble to sit still.4N/A
PX520405_Crutch_StimulantsPX520405290000I¿¿¿ve come to see it as a crutch.4N/A
PX520405_Ability_Focus_Is_Better_StimulantsPX520405300000My ability to focus is better.4N/A
PX520405_Concentration_Excellent_StimulantsPX520405310000My concentration is excellent.4N/A
PX520405_Focus_Crystal_Clear_StimulantsPX520405320000My focus is crystal clear.4N/A
PX520405_My_Head_Hurts_StimulantsPX520405330000My head hurts.4N/A
PX520405_My_Memory_Is_Better_StimulantsPX520405340000My memory is better.4N/A
PX520405_Mind_Doesnt_Wander_StimulantsPX520405350000My mind doesn¿¿¿t wander.4N/A
PX520405_Mind_Razor_Sharp_StimulantsPX520405360000My mind is razor sharp.4N/A
PX520405_Thoughts_Follow_More_Logically_StimulantsPX520405370000My thoughts follow more logically.4N/A
PX520405_Thoughts_On_Track_Better_StimulantsPX520405380000My thoughts stay on track better.4N/A
PX520405_Work_More_Interesting_StimulantsPX520405390000My work seems more interesting.4N/A
PX520405_My_Heart_Races_StimulantsPX520405400000My heart races.4N/A
PX520405_Used_Prescription_StimulantPX520405000000Have you ever used a prescription stimulant (like Adderall¿¿ or Ritalin¿¿) for any reason?4N/A
PX520405_Distractions_Disappear_StimulantsPX520405010000Distractions disappear.4N/A
PX520405_Absorb_Material_First_Time_StimulantsPX520405020000I absorb new material the first time through.4N/A
PX520405_Cant_Focus_StimulantsPX520405030000I can¿¿¿t focus on more than one thing at a time.4N/A
PX520405_Focus_Very_Wel_StimulantsPX520405040000I can focus very well.4N/A
PX520405_Ignore_Distractions_StimulantsPX520405050000I can ignore distractions more easily.4N/A
PX520405_Pay_Attention_StimulantsPX520405060000I can pay attention really well.4N/A
PX520405_Study_For_Hours_StimulantsPX520405070000I can study for hours and hours.4N/A
PX520405_Cant_Hold_Still_StimulantsPX520405080000I can¿¿¿t hold still.4N/A
PX520405_Cant_Sleep_StimulantsPX520405090000I can¿¿¿t sleep even if I want to.4N/A
PX520405_Cant_Calm_Down_StimulantsPX520405100000I can¿¿¿t calm down.4N/A
PX520405_Dont_Daydream_StimulantsPX520405110000I don¿¿¿t end up daydreaming.4N/A
PX520405_Dont_Want_Study_Without_StimulantsPX520405120000I don¿¿¿t want to study without it.4N/A
PX520405_Enjoy_Studying_More_StimulantsPX520405130000I enjoy studying a lot more.4N/A
PX520405_Feel_Drained_Next_Day_StimulantsPX520405140000I feel drained the next day.4N/A
PX520405_Feel_Guilty_Taking_StimulantsPX520405150000I feel guilty for taking it.4N/A
PX520405_Cant_Get_ThroughDay_Without_StimulantsPX520405160000I feel like I can¿¿¿t get through the day without it.4N/A
PX520405_Cutting_Corners_StimulantsPX520405170000I feel like I¿¿¿m cutting corners to do well.4N/A
PX520405_Sick_To_Stomach_StimulantsPX520405180000I feel sick to my stomach.4N/A
PX520405_Feel_Twitchy_StimulantsPX520405190000I feel twitchy.4N/A
PX520405_Focus_Unimportant_Tasks_StimulantsPX520405200000I focus on unimportant tasks.4N/A