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Protocol - Self-reported Craving - Specific - Heroin

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Protocol Name from Source:

Heroin Craving Questionnaire - Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14)

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Heroin Craving Questionnaire - Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14) consists of 14 statements about the respondent’s feelings and thoughts about using heroin as he or she is completing the questionnaire (i.e., right now). This instrument allows investigators to obtain a reflection of the respondent’s general heroin craving.

Protocol:

Indicate how much you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by placing a single checkmark (like this: ::) along each line between STRONGLY DISAGREE and STRONGLY AGREE. The closer you place your checkmark to one end or the other indicates the strength of your disagreement or agreement. Please complete every item. We are interested in how you are thinking or feeling right now as you are filling out the questionnaire:

1. Using heroin would not sharpen my concentration.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

2. I could control things better right now if I could use heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

3. If I tried a little heroin right now, I would not be able to stop using more of it.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

4. I want heroin so bad I can almost taste it.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

5. I don’t want to use heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

6. I would be less irritable now if I could use heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

7. All I want to use now is heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

8. Using heroin would not be very satisfying now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

9. I would not enjoy using heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

10. I do not need to use heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

11. I would not be able to control how much heroin I used if I had some here.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

12. I crave heroin right now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

13. I have an urge for heroin.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

14. I think that I could resist using heroin now.

STRONGLY AGREE _ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ :_ : STRONGLY DISAGREE

Scoring Procedure and Interpretation

Each item is scored on a scale ranging from 1 for "Strongly Disagree" to 7 for "Strongly Agree." The following items are reverse-scored: 1, 5, 8, 9, 10, and 14 (raw score = 8 minus reverse-keyed item score).

For total score, sum all 14 items and divide by 14. For the higher-order-factor score, sum all items except item 1 and divide by 13.

In a treatment-seeking sample (N = 101), the factor structure of the Heroin Craving Questionnaire-Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14) was not consistent with that of the validated 45-item HCQ. The higher-order-factor score can be used as a unidimensional assessment of craving; it correlates with total score on the 45-item HCQ and with visual analog scales for "crave," "want," and "need" (Heinz et al., 2006).

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

February 24, 2012

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess the severity of craving for tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs, via self-report.

Purpose

The purpose of this measure is to assess the severity of craving for tobacco, alcohol, or illegal drugs by asking the respondent questions about his or her desires, urges, or thoughts about such cravings. The Working Group recommends that investigators incorporate the question in the primary protocol as a core item to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The secondary protocols can then be used to obtain detailed information on a specific substance.

Selection Rationale

The 14-item Heroin Craving Questionnaire - Short Form 14 (HCQ-SF-14) is a shorter version of the 45-item HCQ. The HCQ-SF-14 is a valid and reliable measure of heroin craving that provides a snapshot of the respondent’s general heroin craving.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Heroin Short Form Heroin Craving Questionnaire (HCQ-SF-14) Assessment Score3332469CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/101|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Source

Heinz, A. J., Schroeder, J. R., Epstein, D. H., Singleton, E. G., Heishman, S. J., & Preston, K. L. (2006). Heroin and cocaine craving and use during treatment: Measurement validation and potential relationships. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 31(4), 355-364.

General References

Rosenberg, H. (2009). Clinical and laboratory assessment of the subjective experience of drug craving. Clinical Psychology Review, 29(6), 519-534.

Tiffany, S. T. (1990). A cognitive model of drug urges and drug-use behavior: Role of automatic and nonautomatic processes. Psychological Review, 97(2), 147-168.

Tiffany, S. T., Singleton, E., Haertzen, C. A., & Henningfield, J. E. (1993). The development of a cocaine craving questionnaire. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 34(1), 19-28.

Protocol ID:

520303

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520303_Heroin_Not_Sharpen_ConcentrationPX520303010000Using heroin would not sharpen my concentration.4N/A
PX520303_Control_Things_Better_HeroinPX520303020000I could control things better right now if I could use heroin.4N/A
PX520303_Unable_To_Stop_More_HeroinPX520303030000If I tried a little heroin right now, I would not be able to stop using more of it.4N/A
PX520303_Heroin_Almost_Taste_ItPX520303040000I want heroin so bad I can almost taste it.4N/A
PX520303_Dont_Want_Heroin_NowPX520303050000I don¿¿¿t want to use heroin now.4N/A
PX520303_Less_Irritable_HeroinPX520303060000I would be less irritable now if I could use heroin.4N/A
PX520303_Want_To_Use_HeroinPX520303070000All I want to use now is heroin.4N/A
PX520303_Heroin_Would_Not_SatisfyingPX520303080000Using heroin would not be very satisfying now.4N/A
PX520303_Would_Not_Enjoy_HeroinPX520303090000I would not enjoy using heroin now.4N/A
PX520303_Do_Not_Need_Heroin_NowPX520303100000I do not need to use heroin now.4N/A
PX520303_Unable_Control_Heroin_AmountPX520303110000I would not be able to control how much heroin I used if I had some here.4N/A
PX520303_Crave_HeroinPX520303120000I crave heroin right now.4N/A
PX520303_Urge_For_HeroinPX520303130000I have an urge for heroin.4N/A
PX520303_Could_Resist_Heroin_NowPX520303140000I think that I could resist using heroin now.4N/A