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Protocol - Acute Subjective Response to Substances - Current - Specific - Alcohol

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Protocol Name from Source:

Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES)

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) is a self-report, unipolar adjective rating scale after consuming alcohol that is designed to measure both stimulant and sedative effects of alcohol.

Protocol:

A baseline assessment of how the person feels may be obtained prior to alcohol administration by using the following instructions:

Please rate the extent to which these words describe your feelings at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word).

To measure responses following alcohol consumption, the following instructions are used:

The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word).

Not at all

Extremely

1. Difficulty concentrating

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

2. Down

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

3. Elated

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

4. Energized

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

5. Excited

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

6. Heavy head

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

7. Inactive

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

8. Sedated

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

9. Slow thoughts

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

10. Sluggish

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11. Stimulated

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

12. Talkative

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

13. Up

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

14. Vigorous

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Scoring Procedures and Interpretation

The Sedation and Stimulation subscales are calculated by summing the following items (for the 14-point scale):

Stimulation: = BAES3 + BAES4 + BAES5 + BAES11 + BAES12 + BAES13 +BAES14

Sedation: = BAES1 + BAES2 + BAES6 + BAES7 + BAES8 + BAES9 + BAES10

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

The BAES may be used in laboratory studies involving alcohol administration to study responses to alcohol. The investigator may administer a fixed dose of alcohol or a placebo to a respondent in the form of a beverage or intravenously, or the investigator may allow the respondent to control the amount of alcohol he/she receives. Typically, baseline assessments are obtained prior to alcohol administration and then at predetermined points following drinking. In fixed-dose studies, the BAES is often repeated at time points corresponding to the rising and falling portions of the blood alcohol curve.

The Substance Abuse and Addiction Working Group acknowledges that the following questions may gather sensitive information relating to the use of substances and/or illegal conduct. If the information is released, it might be damaging to an individual’s employability, lead to social stigmatization, or lead to other consequences.

Most researchers assure confidentiality as part of their informed consent process, as required by their institutional review boards. Further assurance of confidentiality may be obtained by applying to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a Certificate of Confidentiality, which helps researchers protect the privacy of human research participants. The procedures for the Certificate of Confidentiality can be found at the Grants Policy website of NIH: http://grants1.nih.gov/grants/policy/coc/index.htm.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016

Definition

Instruments used separately to assess current acute subjective responses to substances that the respondent has recently ingested or used.

Purpose

This measure is to assess a respondent’s feelings after recently smoking cigarettes, ingesting alcohol, or using drugs. The protocol is used to obtain subjective responses to the tobacco, alcohol, or drug administered. The Working Group recommends that investigators use the primary protocol to obtain general information on a variety of substances. The secondary protocols can then be used to obtain detailed information on a specific substance.

Selection Rationale

The 14-item Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) was selected because it is one of the most widely used subjective alcohol assessment tools in studies involving actual administration of alcohol. It is sensitive to the stimulant and sedative effects of alcohol observed during the ascending and descending limbs of the blood alcohol curve. It is reliable, has good test psychometric properties, and can be used repeatedly within a session. A brief six-item version of the BAES has also been developed (Rueger et al., 2009).

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Addiction Biphasic Alcohol Effect Scale (BAES)3332439CDE Browser

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/Default.aspx?tabid=1041|Expert Review Panel #3]] (ERP 3) reviewed the measures in Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Substances, and Substance Abuse and Addiction domains.

Guidance from ERP 3 includes:

• Revised descriptions of the measure

Back-compatible: NA no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive ([link[www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=resources.archive|link]])

Source

Martin, C. S., Earleywine, M., Musty, R. E., Perrine, M. W., & Swift R. M. (1993). Development and validation of the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 17(1), 140-146.

General References

Earleywine, M, & Erblich, J. (1996). A confirmed factor structure for the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 4(1), 107-113.

Morean, M. E., & Corbin, W. R. (2010). Subjective response to alcohol: A critical review of the literature. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 34(3), 385-395.

Quinn, P. D., & Fromme, K. (2011). Subjective response to alcohol challenge: A quantitative review. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35(10), 1-12.

Rueger, S. Y., McNamara, P. J., & King, A. C. (2009). Expanding the utility of the Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) and initial psychometric support for the Brief-BAES (B-BAES). Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 33(5), 916-924.

Rueger, S. Y., & King, A. C. (2013). Validation of the Brief Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (B-BAES). Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37(3),470-476

Protocol ID:

520102

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX520102._Difficulty_ConcentratingPX520102010000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Difficulty concentrating4N/A
PX520102_DownPX520102020000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Down4N/A
PX520102_ElatedPX520102030000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Elated4N/A
PX520102_EnergizedPX520102040000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Energized4N/A
PX520102_ExcitedPX520102050000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Excited4N/A
PX520102_Heavy_HeadPX520102060000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Heavy head4N/A
PX520102_InactivePX520102070000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Inactive4N/A
PX520102_SedatedPX520102080000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Sedated4N/A
PX520102_Slow_ThoughtsPX520102090000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Slow thoughts4N/A
PX520102_SluggishPX520102100000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Sluggish4N/A
PX520102_StimulatedPX520102110000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Stimulated4N/A
PX520102_TalkativePX520102120000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Talkative4N/A
PX520102_UpPX520102130000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Up4N/A
PX520102_VigorousPX520102140000The following adjectives describe feelings that some people have after drinking alcohol. Please rate the extent to which drinking alcohol has produced these feelings in you at the present time (circle the appropriate number for each word). Vigorous4N/A