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Protocol - Calcium Intake - Children

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Protocol Name from Source:

2002 Eating and Activity Survey Trial, Calcium Food Frequency Questionnaire

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

These self-administered questions are for use with children of middle school-age (aged 11-14 years). Each question has a multichoice answer. Pictures help guide the children’s responses to the questions.

Protocol:

Instructions

Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. If you mark "Never or less than 1 time per month" for a question, follow the "Go to" instruction. Choose the best answer for each question by checking the box next to that answer.

1. How often do you drink 100% orange juice? Do not count fruit drinks like Tang® and Sunny D®.

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 2)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 time per day

8 [ ] 2 or more times per day

1a. Each time you drink orange juice, how much do you usually drink?

1 [ ] Less than 1 cup

2 [ ] 1 cup (8 ounces)

3 [ ] More than 1 cup

1b. How often is the orange juice you drink calcium fortified?

1 [ ] Almost never or never

2 [ ] Sometimes

3 [ ] Almost always or always

4 [ ] Don’t know

2. How often do you drink milk as a beverage (NOT in cereal)?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 3)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 time per day

8 [ ] 2 times per day

9 [ ] 3 or more times per day

2a. Each time you drink milk, how much do you usually drink?

1 [ ] Less than 1 cup

2 [ ] 1 cup (8 ounces) (SEE PICTURE BELOW)

3 [ ] More than 1 cup

[img[50201_Calcium_Intake_1.jpg|]]

8 ounce glass of milk

2b. What kind of milk do you usually drink?

1 [ ] Whole milk

2 [ ] 2% fat milk

3 [ ] 1% fat milk

4 [ ] Skim or nonfat milk

5 [ ] Chocolate milk

6 [ ] Soy or rice milk

7 [ ] Don’t know

3. How often do you eat yogurt?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 4)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 or more times per day

4. How often do you eat cold cereal?

1 [ ] Never or less than one time per month (GO TO QUESTION 5)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 time per day

8 [ ] 2 or more times per day

4a. Each time you eat cold cereal, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] Less than 2 cups

2 [ ] 2 cups (SEE THE PICTURE BELOW)

3 [ ] More than 2 cups

[img[50201_Calcium_Intake_2.jpg|]]

Two cups of cold cereal

5. How often do you eat Mexican foods such as tacos, tostados, burritos, tamales, fajitas, enchiladas, quesadillas, or chimichangas?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 6)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 or more times per day

5a. Each time you eat Mexican foods, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] Less than 1 taco or burrito

2 [ ] 1 taco or burrito

3 [ ] More than 1 taco or burrito

6. How often do you eat pizza?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 7)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 or more times per day

6a. Each time you eat pizza, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] 1 slice

2 [ ] 2 slices or one mini pizza

3 [ ] 3 or more slices

7. How often do you eat macaroni and cheese?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 8)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 or more times per day

7a. Each time you eat macaroni and cheese, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] Less than 1 cup

2 [ ] 1 cup (SEE THE PICTURE BELOW)

3 [ ] More than 1 cup

[img[50201_Calcium_Intake_3.jpg|]]

One cup of macaroni and cheese

8. How often do you eat ice cream, ice cream bars, milkshakes, or frozen yogurt?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 9)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 or more times per day

8a. Each time you eat ice cream, ice cream bars, milkshakes, or frozen yogurt, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] Less than 1 cup

2 [ ] 1 cup (2 scoops)

3 [ ] More than 1 cup

9. How often do you eat cheese (including on salads or in sandwiches or subs)?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO QUESTION 10)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 or more times per day

9a. Each time you eat cheese, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] Less than 1 slice

2 [ ] 1 slice

3 [ ] More than 1 slice

10. How often do you eat bread, toast or dinner rolls, including bread as part of a sandwich (DO NOT count buns with hamburgers or hot dogs)?

1 [ ] Never or less than 1 time per month (GO TO END)

2 [ ] 1 time per month

3 [ ] 2-3 times per month

4 [ ] 1-2 times per week

5 [ ] 3-4 times per week

6 [ ] 5-6 times per week

7 [ ] 1 time per day

8 [ ] 2 or more times per day

10a. Each time you eat bread, toast or dinner rolls, how much do you usually eat?

1 [ ] 1 slice or 1 dinner roll

2 [ ] 2 slices or 2 dinner rolls

3 [ ] More than 2 slices or 2 dinner rolls

Tang® is a registered trademark, Kraft Foods Inc.; Sunny D® is a registered trademark, Sunny Delight Beverages Co.

Scoring Procedures

Scoring procedures, including a table of calcium values for individual food items, can be found in the [link[www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=browse.si.additionalinfo&id=50000|Additional Information for Nutrition and Dietary Supplements Measures]] on the PhenX Portal.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

October 1, 2015

Definition

A measure to estimate an individual’s daily average intake of calcium in milligrams over the past 30 days.

Purpose

Calcium is an element critical to many body functions including bone growth and maintenance, muscle and nerve control, blood clotting, and blood pressure regulation.

Selection Rationale

This tool has been previously validated in a population of children with good validity and reliability measures. It is also easy to implement in large epidemiological studies and is low cost.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Child Daily Calcium Intake Value in Milligram2944702CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)PhenX - calcium intake - pediatric proto61436-2LOINC

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/62|Expert Review Panel #1]] reviewed the measures in the Anthropometrics, Diabetes, Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, and Nutrition and Dietary Supplements domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

• No significant changes to measure

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive ([link[www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=browse.archive.protocols&id=50000|link]])

Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2002). Eating and Activity Survey Trial. Calcium Food Frequency Questionnaire.

General References

Harnack, L. J. (2006). Reliability and validity of a brief questionnaire to assess calcium intake of middle-school-aged children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 106(11), 1790-1795.

Protocol ID:

50201

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX050201_Orange_Juice_FrequencyPX050201010000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you drink 100% orange juice? Do not count fruit drinks like Tang and Sunny D.4N/A
PX050201_Orange_Juice_QuantityPX050201010100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you drink orange juice, how much do you usually drink?4N/A
PX050201_Orange_Juice_Calcium_Fortified_FrequencyPX050201010200Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often is the orange juice you drink calcium fortified?4N/A
PX050201_Milk_FrequencyPX050201020000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you drink milk as a beverage (NOT in cereal)?4N/A
PX050201_Milk_QuantityPX050201020100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you drink milk, how much do you usually drink?4N/A
PX050201_Milk_VarietyPX050201020200Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. What kind of milk do you usually drink?4N/A
PX050201_Yogurt_FrequencyPX050201030000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat yogurt?4N/A
PX050201_Cereal_FrequencyPX050201040000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat cold cereal?4N/A
PX050201_Cereal_QuantityPX050201040100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat cold cereal, how much do you usually eat?4N/A
PX050201_Mexican_Food_FrequencyPX050201050000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat Mexican foods such as tacos, tostados, burritos, tamales, fajitas, enchiladas, quesadillas, or chimichangas?4N/A
PX050201_Mexican_Food_QuantityPX050201050100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat Mexican foods, how much do you usually eat?4N/A
PX050201_Pizza_FrequencyPX050201060000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat pizza?4N/A
PX050201_Pizza_QuantityPX050201060100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat pizza, how much do you usually eat?4N/A
PX050201_Macaroni_Cheese_FrequencyPX050201070000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat macaroni and cheese?4N/A
PX050201_Macaroni_Cheese_QuantityPX050201070100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat macaroni and cheese, how much do you usually eat?4N/A
PX050201_Ice_Cream_FrequencyPX050201080000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat ice cream, ice cream bars, milk shakes, or frozen yogurt?4N/A
PX050201_Ice_Cream_QuantityPX050201080100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat ice cream, ice cream bars, milkshakes, or frozen yogurt, how much do you usually eat?4N/A
PX050201_Cheese_FrequencyPX050201090000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat cheese (including on salads or in sandwiches or subs)?4N/A
PX050201_Cheese_QuantityPX050201090100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat cheese, how much do you usually eat?4N/A
PX050201_Bread_FrequencyPX050201100000Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. How often do you eat bread, toast or dinner rolls, including bread as part of a sandwich (DO NOT count buns with hamburgers or hot dogs)?4N/A
PX050201_Bread_QuantityPX050201100100Think about your usual eating habits over the past month. Each time you eat bread, toast or dinner rolls, how much do you usually eat?4N/A