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Protocol - Child Oral Health Pain

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form 19 (COHIP-SF 19) is a 19-item interviewer-administered questionnaire about the oral health of a child to assess the child’s quality of life. This questionnaire can be administered to children aged 8-17 years old.

The COHIP-SF 19 is derived from the Child Oral Health Impact Profile, which is administered to parents and contains 34 questions. The COHIP-SF 19 covers the areas of school environment, self-image, social-emotional well-being, and functional well-being.

Protocol:

Please answer "yes" or "no" to the following questions.

Have you "….." because of your teeth, mouth, or face?

1. Had pain in your teeth/toothache

2. Had discolored teeth or spots on your teeth

3. Had crooked teeth or spaces between your teeth

4. Had bad breath

5. Had bleeding gums

6. Had difficulty eating foods you would like to eat

7. Had trouble sleeping

8. Had difficulty saying certain words

9. Had difficulty keeping your teeth clean

10. Been unhappy or sad

11. Felt worried or anxious

12. Avoided smiling or laughing with other children

13. Felt that you look different

14. Been worried about what other people think about your …

15. Been teased, bullied, or called names by other children

16. Missed school for any reason

17. Not wanted to speak/read out loud in class

18. Been confident

19. Felt that you were attractive (good looking)

COHIP 19 Scoring Key

Domains:

oral health (5 items),

1. Had pain in your teeth/toothache

2. Had discolored teeth or spots on your teeth

3. Had crooked teeth or spaces between your teeth

4. Had bad breath

5. Had bleeding gums

functional (4 items),

6. Had difficulty eating foods you would like to eat

7. Had trouble sleeping

8. Had difficulty saying certain words

9. Had difficulty keeping your teeth clean

socio-emotional (10 items)

10. Been unhappy or sad

11. Felt worried or anxious

12. Avoided smiling or laughing with other children

13. Felt that you look different

14. Been worried about what other people think about your …

15. Been teased, bullied, or called names by other children

16. Missed school for any reason

17. Not wanted to speak/read out loud in class

18. Been confident

19. Felt that you were attractive (good looking)

Scoring:

The negatively worded items are then reverse coded so that higher scores represent a more positive QOL. Most of the items are negatively worded, so the only 2 items that do not need to be reverse coded are ’been confident’ and ’felt that you were attractive’

Original code: (’never’=0, ’almost never’=1, ’sometimes’=2, ’fairly often’=3, ’almost all of the time’=4)

To reverse code: (’never’=4, ’almost never’=3, ’sometimes’=2, ’fairly often’=1, ’almost all of the time’=0)

Totals:

Calculated as the total sum of the items in each subscale COHIP-SF 19 Total is the total sum of all 19 items

For missing items: do not calculate subscales with missing items or total scale

Personnel and Training Required

The interviewer should be trained and qualified to conduct personal interviews with individuals from the general population.

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Specific Instructions:

None.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

April 30, 2015

Definition

A measure to assess oral pain and related quality of life in children.

Purpose

This measure can be used to determine the effects of a child’s oral health on his or her quality of life.

Selection Rationale

The Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Short Form 19 (COHIP-SF 19) was chosen because both reliability and validity testing of the COHIP-SF 19 were consistent with those reported in the literature for the validated 34-item COHIP (i.e., the parent form). Based on this testing, the COHIP-SF 19 addresses recommendations for a shorter, more efficient children’s oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instrument and is appropriate for a variety of purposes such as clinical research and epidemiological studies.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Youth Oral Pain Assessment Score4798040CDE Browser

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Broder, H., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Sischo, L. (2012). Reliability and validity testing for the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Reduced (COHIP-SF 19). Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 72(4), 302-312. (Erratum published 2013, Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 73, p. 86).

General References

Ahn, Y. S., Kim, H. Y., Hong, S. M., Patton, L. L., Kim, J. H., & Noh, H. J. (2012). Validation of a Korean version of the Child Oral Health Impact Profile (COHIP) among 8- to 15-year-old school children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 22(4), 292-301.

Broder, H. L., Wilson-Genderson, M., & Sischo, L. (2012). Reliability and validity testing for the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Reduced (COHIP-SF 19). Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 72(4), 302-312.

Dunlow, N., Phillips, C., & Broder, H. (2007). Concurrent validity of the COHIP. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 35(Suppl. 1), 41-49.

Gilchrist, F., Rodd, H., Deery, C., & Marshman, Z. (2014). Assessment of the quality of measures of child oral health-related quality of life. BMC Oral Health, 14(40), 1-17.

Protocol ID:

220401

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_ToothachePX220401010000Have you had pain in your teeth/toothache because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Discolored_TeethPX220401020000Have you Had discolored teeth or spots on your teeth because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Crooked_SpacesPX220401030000Have you Had crooked teeth or spaces between your teeth because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Bad_BreathPX220401040000Have you Had bad breath because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Bleding_GumsPX220401050000Have you Had bleeding gums because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Difficulty_WordsPX220401080000Have you had difficulty saying certain words because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Difficulty_CleaningTeethPX220401090000Have you had difficulty keeping your teeth clean because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Unhappy_BeenSadPX220401100000Have you been unhappy or sad because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Felt_WorriedAnxiousPX220401110000Have felt worried or anxious because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Avoided_SmilingPX220401120000Have you avoided smiling or laughing with other children because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Felt_Look_DifferentPX220401130000Have you felt that you look different because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Worried_WhatPeopleThinkPX220401140000Have you been worried about what other people think about your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Been_TeasedPX220401150000Have you been teased, bullied, or called names by other children because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Missed_SchoolPX220401160000Have you missed school for any reason because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Avoided_SpeakingClassPX220401170000Have you not wanted to speak/read out loud in class because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Been_ConfidentPX220401180000Have you been confident because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Felt_AttractivePX220401190000Have you felt that you were attractive (good looking) because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Difficulty_EatingPX220401060000Have you Had difficulty eating foods you would like to eat because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A
PX220401_Child_Oral_Pain_Trouble_SleepingPX220401070000Have you Had trouble sleeping because of your teeth, mouth, or face?4N/A