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Protocol - Life Events - Child

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Protocol Name from Source:

Adverse Life Events Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Adverse Life Events Scale is a self- or proxy-administered, 25-item questionnaire that reports events experienced during the previous year over which the child had little or no control. The respondent reviews the list of items and indicates which events have occurred.

Protocol:

These questions are about certain things that may have happened to you over the last year. Please indicate whether each happened, and if so, whether it was a good or bad experience and how much it affected you.

1. Someone in family died

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

1.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

1.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

2.Family member was seriously injured

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

2.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

2.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

3. Saw crime/accident

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

3.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

3.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

4. Lost a close friend

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

4.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

4.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

5. Close friend was seriously sick/injured

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

5.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

5.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

6. Negative change in parent’s financial situation

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

6.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

6.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

7. Family member had drug/alcohol problem

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

7.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

7.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

8. Got seriously sick or injured

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

8.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

8.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

9. Parents argued more than previously

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

9.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

9.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

10. Mother/father figure lost job

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

10.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

10.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

11. One parent was away from home more often

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

11.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

11.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

12. Someone in the family was arrested

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

12.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

12.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

13. Close friend died

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

13.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

13.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

14. Family member had mental/emotional problem

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

14.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

14.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

15. Brother or sister left home

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

15.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

15.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

16. Being a victim of crime/violence/assault

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

16.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

16.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

17. Parents separated in last 12 months

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

17.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

17.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

18. Parents got into trouble with the law

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

18.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

18.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

19. Attended a new school

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

19.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

19.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

20. Family moved

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

20.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

20.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

21. Parents got divorced

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

21.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

21.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

22. One of the parents went to jail

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

22.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

22.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

23. Got new stepmother or stepfather

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

23.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

23.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

24. Parent got a new job

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

24.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

24.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

25. Got new brother or sister

[ ] Yes

[ ] No

If "Yes,"

25.1. Was this a good or bad experience?

[ ] Mostly good

[ ] Mostly bad

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

25.2. How much did the event affect you?

[ ] Not at all

[ ] A little

[ ] Some

[ ] A lot

[ ] Not applicable

[ ] Don’t know

Scoring

An event is considered "adverse" only when it is:

1. Mostly bad, and

2. One of the following: A little, Some, or A lot

Personnel and Training Required

No specific training is needed if data are collected through a self-administered questionnaire

Equipment Needs

These questions can be administered in a computerized or noncomputerized format (i.e., paper-and-pencil instrument). Computer software is necessary to develop computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) instruments, and a laptop computer or handheld computer will be needed to administer the questionnaire.

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

May 31, 2016

Definition

This measure is a questionnaire to assess the respondent’s exposure to a broad range of life events.

Purpose

This measure allows researchers to examine the occurrence of traumatic life events and the respondent’s assessment of the physical and emotional responses to the events. Traumatic life events have been associated with many indicators of physical and emotional distress, including psychopathological symptoms and disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Selection Rationale

The Adverse Life Events Scale was selected because it is widely used and has documented validity and reliability. Scale scores have been associated with indicators of psychopathology and functional limitations.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Child Life Event Assessment Score3139329CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Life events child proto63040-0LOINC

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/102|Expert Review Panel #2]] (ERP 2) reviewed the measures in the Demographics, Environmental Exposures, and Social Environments domains.

Guidance from ERP 2 includes:

• Revised descriptions of the measure

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive ([link[www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=browse.archive.protocols&id=210000|link]])

Source

Tiet, Q. Q., Bird, H. R., Davies, M., Hoven, C., Cohen, P., Jensen, P. S., & Goodman, S. (1998). Adverse life events and resilience. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(11), 1191-1200.

General References

Grant, K. E., Compas, B. E., Thurm, A. E., McMahon, S. D., & Gipson, P. Y. (2004). Stressors and child and adolescent psychopathology: Measurement issues and prospective effects. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33(2), 412-424.

Tiet, Q. Q., Bird, H. R., Hoven, C. W., Moore, R., Wu, P., Wicks, J., Jensen, P. S., Goodman, S., & Cohen, P. (2001). Relationship between specific adverse life events and psychiatric disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29, 153-164.

Protocol ID:

211501

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX211501_Family_Member_DiedPX211501010000Someone in family died4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Died_ExperiencePX211501010100Someone in family died If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Died_AffectPX211501010200Someone in family died If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_InjuredPX211501020000Family member was seriously injured4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Injured_Experience?PX211501020100Family member was seriously injured If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Injured_AffectPX211501020200Family member was seriously injured If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Saw_Crime_AccidentPX211501030000Saw crime/accident4N/A
PX211501_Saw_Crime_Accident_Experience?PX211501030100Saw crime/accident If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Saw_Crime_Accident_AffectPX211501030200Saw crime/accident If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Lost_Close_FriendPX211501040000Lost a close friend4N/A
PX211501_Lost_Close_Friend_ExperiencePX211501040100Lost a close friend If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Lost_Close_Friend_AffectPX211501040200Lost a close friend If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Sick_InjuredPX211501050000Close friend was seriously sick/injured4N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Sick_Injured_Experience?PX211501050100Close friend was seriously sick/injured If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Sick_Injured_AffectPX211501050200Close friend was seriously sick/injured If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Financial_SituationPX211501060000Negative change in parent's financial situation4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Financial_Situation_ExperiencePX211501060100Negative change in parent's financial situation If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Financial_Situation_AffectPX211501060200Negative change in parent's financial situation If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Drug_AlcoholPX211501070000Family member had drug/alcohol problem4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Drug_Alcohol_ExperiencePX211501070100Family member had drug/alcohol problem If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Drug_Alcohol_AffectPX211501070200Family member had drug/alcohol problem If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Sick_InjuredPX211501080000Got seriously sick or injured4N/A
PX211501_Sick_Injured_ExperiencePX211501080100Got seriously sick or injured If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Sick_Injured_AffectPX211501080200Got seriously sick or injured If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_ArguedPX211501090000Parents argued more than previously4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Argued_ExperiencePX211501090100Parents argued more than previously If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Argued_AffectPX211501090200Parents argued more than previously If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Mother_Father_Lost_JobPX211501100000Mother/father figure lost job4N/A
PX211501_Mother_Father_Lost_Job_ExperiencePX211501100100Mother/father figure lost job If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Mother_Father_Lost_Job_AffectPX211501100200Mother/father figure lost job If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Away_From_HomePX211501110000One parent was away from home more often4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Away_From_Home_ExperiencePX211501110100One parent was away from home more often If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Away_From_Home_AffectPX211501110200One parent was away from home more often If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_ArrestedPX211501120000Someone in the family was arrested4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Arrested_ExperiencePX211501120100Someone in the family was arrested If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Arrested_AffectPX211501120200Someone in the family was arrested If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_DiedPX211501130000Close friend died4N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Died_ExperiencePX211501130100Close friend died If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Close_Friend_Died_AffectPX211501130200Close friend died If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Mental/Emotional_ProblemPX211501140000Family member had mental/emotional problem4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Mental/Emotional_Problem_ExperiencePX211501140100Family member had mental/emotional problem If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Member_Mental/Emotional_Problem_AffectPX211501140200Family member had mental/emotional problem If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Sibling_Left_HomePX211501150000Brother or sister left home4N/A
PX211501_Sibling_Left_Home_ExperiencePX211501150100Brother or sister left home If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Sibling_Left_Home_AffectPX211501150200Brother or sister left home If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Victim_Of_Crime/Violence/AssaultPX211501160000Being a victim of crime/violence/assault4N/A
PX211501_Victim_Of_Crime/Violence/Assault_ExperiencePX211501160100Being a victim of crime/violence/assault If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Victim_Of_Crime/Violence/Assault_AffectPX211501160200Being a victim of crime/violence/assault If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Separated_Last_12MonthsPX211501170000Parents separated in last 12 months4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Separated_Last_12Months_ExperiencePX211501170100Parents separated in last 12 months If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Separated_Last_12Months_AffectPX211501170200Parents separated in last 12 months If "Yes", How much did the event affect you4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Trouble_With_LawPX211501180000Parents got into trouble with the law4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Trouble_With_Law_ExperiencePX211501180100Parents got into trouble with the law If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Trouble_With_Law_AffectPX211501180200Parents got into trouble with the law If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Attended_New_SchoolPX211501190000Attended a new school4N/A
PX211501_Attended_New_School_ExperiencePX211501190100Attended a new school If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Attended_New_School_AffectPX211501190200Attended a new school If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Family_MovedPX211501200000Family moved4N/A
PX211501_Family_Moved_ExperiencePX211501200100Family moved If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Family_Moved_AffectPX211501200200Family moved If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_DivorcedPX211501210000Parents got divorced4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Divorced_ExperiencePX211501210100Parents got divorced If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parents_Divorced_AffectPX211501210200Parents got divorced If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Went_To_JailPX211501220000One of the parents went to jail4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Went_To_Jail_ExperiencePX211501220100One of the parents went to jail If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Went_To_Jail_AffectPX211501220200One of the parents went to jail If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_New_StepparentPX211501230000Got new stepmother or stepfather4N/A
PX211501_New_Stepparent_ExperiencePX211501230100Got new stepmother or stepfather If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_New_Stepparent_AffectPX211501230200Got new stepmother or stepfather If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Got_New_JobPX211501240000Parent got a new job4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Got_New_Job_ExperiencePX211501240100Parent got a new job If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_Parent_Got_New_Job_AffectPX211501240200Parent got a new job If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A
PX211501_New_SiblingPX211501250000Got new brother or sister4N/A
PX211501_New_Sibling_ExperiencePX211501250100Got new brother or sister If "Yes", Was this a good or bad experience?4N/A
PX211501_New_Sibling_AffectPX211501250200Got new brother or sister If "Yes", How much did the event affect you?4N/A