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Protocol - Word Decoding

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Protocol Name from Source:

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Availability:

Proprietary

Description:

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) is a nationally normed measure of word reading accuracy and fluency. The test contains two subtests: the Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest and the Phonetic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest. The Sight Word Efficiency subtest involves presenting the respondent with a list of real printed words. The respondent must accurately read and pronounce as many words as possible in 45 seconds. The Phonetic Decoding Efficiency subtest involves presenting a list of printed non-words. The respondent must accurately decode and pronounce as many words as possible in 45 seconds. The examiner scores each item as it is being pronounced.

Protocol:

Summary of the Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE)

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) contains two subtests: the Sight Word Efficiency (SWE) subtest and the Phonetic Decoding Efficiency (PDE) subtest. The Sight Word Efficiency subtest assesses the number of printed words that can be accurately identified in 45 seconds. The Phonetic Decoding Efficiency subtest measures the number of pronounceable printed non-words that can be accurately decoded in 45 seconds.

Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE). Copyright © 1999 Pro-Ed, Incorporated. All rights reserved.

Personnel and Training Required

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) can be administered by trained research assistants. Examiners should have formal training in the ethical administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical assessments. Additionally, investigators are encouraged to have quality control procedures in place to maintain consistency across tests and among examiners.

Equipment Needs

The interviewer will need the Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) Examiner's Manual, Form A or Form B Profile/Examiner Record Booklet, and Form A or Form B Word Cards.

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Interviewer (face-to-face)

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent, Adult

Specific Instructions:

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) is a proprietary protocol and administration requires a licensing agreement from Pro-Ed, Incorporated. In order for this assessment to be considered valid, the investigator should make sure that the respondent speaks English as a first language.
Research Domain Information

Release Date:

October 8, 2010

Definition

This measure is a test to assess the respondent's ability to pronounce words accurately.

Purpose

This measure tests a respondent's word reading accuracy and fluency to provide an efficient means of monitoring word reading skills that are critical in the development of overall reading ability. Difficulty with word decoding is a key component of dyslexia.

Selection Rationale

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) was selected because it is a widely used, validated protocol that can be administered very quickly. Additionally, normative data are available to assist scoring.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Speech Word Decoding Assessment Score3144938CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Word decoding proto63006-1LOINC

Process and Review

This section will be completed when reviewed by an Expert Review Panel.

Source

Joseph Torgesen, Richard Wagner, and Carol Rashotte. Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE). 1999.

The Test of Word Reading Efficiency (TOWRE) is a proprietary protocol and can be obtained through:

Pro-Ed, Inc.
8700 Shoal Creek Boulevard
Austin, Texas 78757-6897
Telephone: 800-897-3202
www.proedinc.com

General References

Rice, M. L., Smith, S. D., & Gayan, J. G. (2009). Convergent genetic linkage and associations to language, speech and reading measures in families of probands with Specific Language Impairment. Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, 1, 264–282.

Protocol ID:

201401

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX201401000000Protocol 201401 - proprietary. Check DCW for contact.4N/A