Protocol - Temperament - Adolescent

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Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R)


Publicly available


The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) is a 65-item self- or parent-report questionnaire that measures the 11 dimensions of temperament (activation control, activity level, affiliation, attention, fear, frustration, high-intensity pleasure, inhibitory control, perceptual sensitivity, pleasure sensitivity, and shyness) and the 2 dimensions of behavior (aggression and depressive mood). Participants are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the behavior was exhibited. Participants should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale (never, very rarely, less than half the time, half the time, more than half the time, almost always, always).


The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website ([link[research.bowdoin.edu/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/|http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/]]) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs



Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualYes
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration


Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Specific Instructions:


Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016


This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.


Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.

Selection Rationale

The Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire (EATQ-R) is a revision of an instrument that has been used successfully since 1992 and has been translated into nine languages. The instrument was revised in 2002 to add two behavioral scales.


Brazilian Portuguese, Catalan, Chinese, Dutch, English, Farsi, Finnish, Japanese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Tagalog


Common Data Elements (CDE)Adolescent Temperament Assessment Score3371990CDE Browser

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes


Capaldi, D. M., & Rothbart, M. K. (1992). Development and validation of an early adolescent temperament measure. Journal of Early Adolescence, 12, 153-173.

Ellis, L. K. (2002). Individual differences and adolescent psychological development (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Oregon, Eugene, OR.

Ellis, L. K., & Rothbart, M. K. (2001, April). Revision of the Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire. Poster presented at the 2001 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Minneapolis, MN.

General References

Creemers, H., Dikstra, J., Vollebergh, W., Ormel, J., Verhulst, F., & Juizink, A. (2010). Predicting life-time and regular cannabis use during adolescence: The roles of temperament and peer substance use: The TRAILS study. Addiction, 105, 699-708.

Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., & Hershey, K. L. (1994). Temperament and social behavior in childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 21-39.

Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.

Willem, L., Bijttebier, P., & Claes, L. (2010). Reactive and self-regulatory temperament dimensions in relation to alcohol use in adolescence. Addictive Behaviors, 35, 1029-1035.

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