Protocol - Temperament - Early Childhood

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Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ)


Publicly available


The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) is a parent-report questionnaire used to measure the temperament of a young child (18-36 months old). The 36-item instrument (very short form) includes three broad scales. Respondents are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the child exhibited this behavior. Respondents should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale (never, very rarely, less than half the time, half the time, more than half the time, almost always, always).


The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website ([link[research.bowdoin.edu/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/|http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/]]) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs



Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration


Life Stage:


Specific Instructions:


Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016


This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.


Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.

Selection Rationale

Dr. Mary Rothbart is a pioneer in the measure of temperament and her Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) has been used successfully since 1998/1999 and translated into 11 languages. The instrument was revised in 2000 and revised again in 2009 to create a short and very short version. The original instrument had 201 items and 18 scales.




Common Data Elements (CDE)Early Childhood Temperament Assessment Scale3162870CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Temperament - early child proto62936-0LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes


Putnam, S. P., Gartstein, M. A., & Rothbart, M. K. (2006). Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Infant Behavior and Development, 29(3), 386-401.

General References

Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.

Protocol ID:



Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX181102000000Protocol 181102 - proprietary. Check DCW for contact.4N/A