Protocol - Temperament - Child

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Children’s Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF)


Publicly available


The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) is a 195-item, parent-report questionnaire used to measure the temperament of a child (3-7 years old). The 36-item instrument Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF) includes questions from the original CBQ to assess three broad factors (urgency/extraversion, negative affectivity, effortful control). Respondents are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the child exhibited this behavior. Respondents should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale, beginning with "extremely untrue of your child" (1) and ending with "extremely true of your child" (7). A "not applicable" response is also available.


The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website ([link[research.bowdoin.edu/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/|http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/]]) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.

Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs



Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration


Life Stage:


Specific Instructions:


Research Domain Information

Release Date:

November 21, 2016


This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.


Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.

Selection Rationale

Dr. Mary Rothbart is a pioneer in the measure of temperament, and her Children’s Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) has been used successfully since 1994 and translated into 20 languages. The instrument was revised in 2006 to create a Short Form (CBQ-SF) and Very Short Form (CBQ-VSF). The original instrument had 195 items and 15 scales.


English, Spanish, Available in 20 other languages


Common Data Elements (CDE)Child Temperament Assessment Scale3162869CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Temperament - child proto62935-2LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes


Putnam, S. P., & Rothbart, M. K. (2006). Development of short and very short forms of the Children’s Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment, 87(1), 103-113.

Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., Hershey, K. L., & Fisher, P. (2001). Investigations of temperament at 3-7 years: The Children’s Behavior Questionnaire. Child Development, 72, 1394-1408.

General References

Rothbart, M. K., Ahadi, S. A., & Hershey, K. L. (1994). Temperament and social behavior in childhood. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 40, 21-39.

Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.

Protocol ID:



Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX181101000000Protocol 181101 - proprietary. Check DCW for contact.4N/A