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Protocol - Self-esteem

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Protocol Name from Source:

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is a 10-item scale used to evaluate a person’s general self-worth, with 5 positive statements and 5 negative statements about a person’s sense of self-respect and value. It is commonly scored as a 4-point Likert scale, reversing the negative items and combining all 10 items into a single index of global self-esteem. The scale includes values of 1 (strongly agree), 2 (agree), 3 (disagree), and 4 (strongly disagree).

Protocol:

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale

Present the items with these instructions. Do not print the asterisks on the sheet you provide to respondents.

BELOW IS A LIST OF STATEMENTS DEALING WITH YOUR GENERAL FEELINGS ABOUT YOURSELF. IF YOU STRONGLY AGREE, CIRCLE SA. IF YOU AGREE WITH THE STATEMENT, CIRCLE A. IF YOU DISAGREE, CIRCLE D. IF YOU STRONGLY DISAGREE, CIRCLE SD.

1.

STRONGLY AGREE

2.

AGREE

3.

DISAGREE

4.

STRONGLY

DISAGREE

1.

I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others.

SA

A

D

SD

2.

I feel that I have a number of good qualities.

SA

A

D

SD

3.

All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.**

SA

A

D

SD

4.

I am able to do things as well as most other people.

SA

A

D

SD

5.

I feel I do not have much to be proud of.**

SA

A

D

SD

6.

I take a positive attitude toward myself.

SA

A

D

SD

7.

On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.

SA

A

D

SD

8.

I wish I could have more respect for myself.**

SA

A

D

SD

9.

I certainly feel useless at times.**

SA

A

D

SD

10.

At times I think I am no good at all.**

SA

A

D

SD

To score the items, assign a value to each of the 10 items as follows:

For items 1, 2, 4, 6, 7: Strongly Agree=3, Agree=2, Disagree=1, and Strongly Disagree=0.

For items 3, 5, 8, 9, 10 (which are reversed in valence, and noted with the asterisks**): Strongly Agree=0, Agree=1, Disagree=2, and Strongly Disagree=3.

The scale ranges from 0-30, with 30 indicating the highest score possible. Other scoring options are possible. For example, you can assign values 1-4 rather than 0-3; then scores will range from 10-40. Some researchers use 5- or 7-point Likert scales, and again, scale ranges would vary based on the addition of "middle" categories of agreement.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Specific Instructions:

The Working Group recommends that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale can be used down to age 10 years.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This is a measure of positive or negative perceptions about oneself, which is often referred to as global self-esteem.

Purpose

Self-esteem is one of the key components of the self-concept, which Dr. Rosenberg, the author of this scale, calls the "totality of the individual’s thoughts and feelings with reference to himself as an object." It influences a person’s social behavior and is associated with anxiety and depression.

Selection Rationale

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale is a widely used social science research scale which has high reliability and internal consistency.

Language

Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Persian, Portuguese, Spanish

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Self-esteem Assessment Scale3162882CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Self-esteem proto62931-1LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· Revised description of the measure

Source

Rosenberg, M. (1989). Society and the adolescent self-image (Rev. ed.). Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.

Also see the description of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale on the University of Maryland’s Sociology Department website (https://socy.umd.edu/about-us/rosenberg-self-esteem-scale).

General References

Baumeister, R. F., Campbell, J. D., Krueger, J. I., & Vohs, K. D. (2003). Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles? Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4, 1-44.

Gray-Little, B., Williams, V. S. L., & Hancock, T. D. (1997). An item response theory analysis of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 443-451.

Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1991). Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. San Diego: Academic Press.

Protocol ID:

180901

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180901_Person_Of_WorthPX180901010000I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others.4N/A
PX180901_Number_Of_Good_QualitiesPX180901020000I feel that I have a number of good qualities.4N/A
PX180901_Inclined_To_Feel_A_FailurePX180901030000All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.4N/A
PX180901_Do_As_Well_As_OthersPX180901040000I am able to do things as well as most other people.4N/A
PX180901_Not_Much_ToBe_Proud_OfPX180901050000I feel I do not have much to be proud of.4N/A
PX180901_Positive_Self_AttitudePX180901060000I take a positive attitude toward myself.4N/A
PX180901_Satisfied_With_MyselfPX180901070000On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.4N/A
PX180901_Wish_Have_More_Self_RespectPX180901080000I wish I could have more respect for myself.4N/A
PX180901_Feel_Useless_At_TimesPX180901090000I certainly feel useless at times.4N/A
PX180901_Times_Think_No_GoodPX180901100000At times I think I am no good at all.4N/A