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Protocol - Perceived Social Support Conflict

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Protocol Name from Source:

Midlife in the United States II (MIDUS II)

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The respondent completes three groups of questions about interactions with spouse/partner, family, and friends. Each group includes social support questions about how much they care about you, how much they understand the way you feel, if you can rely on them, and if you can talk to them about your worries. Each group also includes social conflict questions such as if the family members or friends make too many demands on you, criticize you, let you down when you are counting on them, or get on your nerves.

Protocol:

1. The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item.

Answer how much for each of these items. A lot (1), Some (2), A little (3), Not at all (4)

  1. How much does your spouse or partner really care about you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How much does he or she understand the way you feel about things? 1 2 3 4
  3. How much does he or she appreciate you? 1 2 3 4
  4. How much can you rely on him or her for help if you have a serious problem? 1 2 3 4
  5. How much can you open up to him or her if you need to talk about your worries? 1 2 3 4
  6. How much can you relax and be yourself around him or her? 1 2 3 4

Answer how often for each of these items. Often (1), Sometimes (2), Rarely (3), Never (4)

  1. How often does your spouse or partner make too many demands on you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How often does he or she make you feel tense? 1 2 3 4
  3. How often does he or she argue with you? 1 2 3 4
  4. How often does he or she criticize you? 1 2 3 4
  5. How often does he or she let you down when you are counting on him or her? 1 2 3 4
  6. How often does he or she get on your nerves? 1 2 3 4

2. The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item.

Answer how much for each of these items. A lot (1), Some (2), A little (3), Not at all (4)

  1. Not including your spouse or partner, how much do members of your family really care about you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How much do they understand the way you feel about things? 1 2 3 4
  3. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem? 1 2 3 4
  4. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries? 1 2 3 4
  5. How much do you really care about the members of your family, not including your partner or spouse? 1 2 3 4
  6. How much do you understand the way they feel about things? 1 2 3 4

Answer how often for each of these items. Often (1), Sometimes (2), Rarely (3), Never (4)

  1. Not including your spouse or partner, how often do members of your family make too many demands on you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How often do they criticize you? 1 2 3 4
  3. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them? 1 2 3 4
  4. How often do they get on your nerves? 1 2 3 4

3. The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item.

Answer how much for each of these items. A lot (1), Some (2), A little (3), Not at all (4)

  1. How much do your friends really care about you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How much do they understand the way you feel about things? 1 2 3 4
  3. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem? 1 2 3 4
  4. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries? 1 2 3 4

Answer how often for each of these items. Often (1), Sometimes (2), Rarely (3), Never (4)

  1. How often do your friends make too many demands on you? 1 2 3 4
  2. How often do they criticize you? 1 2 3 4
  3. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them? 1 2 3 4
  4. How often do they get on your nerves? 1 2 3 4

Scaling: Scales are constructed by calculating the mean of the values of the items in each scale. Determine the mean of each positive and negative scale separately, for example, calculate the mean of the spouse/partner support scale (items 1a. through 1f.) separately from the spouse/partner strain scale (items 1g. through 1l.). Items are reverse-coded so that high scores reflect higher standing in the scale.

Missing Values: The scales are computed for cases that have valid values for at least one item on the particular scale. Scores are not calculated for cases with no valid item on the scales, and coded as "8" for "NOT CALCULATED (Due to missing data)."

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

These questions are used to measure both perceived positive and negative social interactions with three individuals/groups: (1) spouse/partner, (2) other members of the family, and (3) friends.

Purpose

The nature of interactions with spouse/partner, family members, and friends provides a sense of an individual’s perception of the amount of positive support (e.g., love, care, concern) and negative support (e.g., demand, critique) that individuals have at their disposal. The outcomes can be independent of the size of a person’s network or network connections. This measure taps into the affective "temperature" of individuals’ social networks.

Selection Rationale

These questions were used in the Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS) study, a national survey of over 7,000 respondents. Data from social support and social conflict questions in the MIDUS study indicate good internal reliability. They have also been used in the Health and Retirement Survey.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Perceived Social Support/Conflict Assessment Score3162998CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Social support - conflict proto62929-5LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes.

Source

National Institute on Aging. Midlife in the United States II (MIDUS II), Self-administered Questionnaire 2, Items L11a.-L11l., J2a.-J2j., J4a.-J4h., which correspond to items 1a.-1l., 2a.-2j., and 3a.-3h., respectively, in the protocol, 2002.

General References

Schuster, T. L., Kessler, R. C., & Aseltine, R. H., Jr. (1990). Supportive interactions, negative interactions, and depressed mood. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18(3), 423-438.

Whalen, H. R., & Lachman, M. E. (2000). Social support and strain from partner, family and friends: Costs and benefits for men and women in adulthood. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 17(1), 5-30.

Protocol ID:

180701

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180701_Spouse_Really_Care_About_YouPX180701010100The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much does your spouse or partner really care about you?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Understand_Way_You_FeelPX180701010200The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much does he or she understand the way you feel about things?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Appreciate_YouPX180701010300The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much does he or she appreciate you?4N/A
PX180701_Rely_On_SpousePX180701010400The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you rely on him or her for help if you have a serious problem?4N/A
PX180701_Open_Up_To_SpousePX180701010500The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you open up to him or her if you need to talk about your worries?4N/A
PX180701_Relax_Around_SpousePX180701010600The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you relax and be yourself around him or her?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Make_Too_Many_DemandsPX180701010700The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does your spouse or partner make too many demands on you?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Make_You_Feel_TensePX180701010800The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she make you feel tense?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Argue_With_YouPX180701010900The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she argue with you?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Criticize_YouPX180701011000The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she criticize you?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Let_You_DownPX180701011100The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she let you down when you are counting on him or her?4N/A
PX180701_Spouse_Get_On_Your_NervesPX180701011200The next several questions are about your spouse/partner. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often does he or she get on your nerves?4N/A
PX180701_Family_Really_Care_About_YouPX180701020100The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. Not including your spouse or partner, how much do members of your family really care about you?4N/A
PX180701_Family_Understand_Way_You_FeelPX180701020200The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do they understand the way you feel about things?4N/A
PX180701_Rely_On_Family_For_HelpPX180701020300The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem?4N/A
PX180701_Open_Up_To_FamilyPX180701020400The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries?4N/A
PX180701_Really_Care_About_FamilyPX180701020500The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do you really care about the members of your family, not including your partner or spouse?4N/A
PX180701_You_Understand_FamilyPX180701020600The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do you understand the way they feel about things?4N/A
PX180701_Family_Make_DemandsPX180701020700The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. Not including your spouse or partner, how often do members of your family make too many demands on you?4N/A
PX180701_Family_Criticize_YouPX180701020800The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they criticize you?4N/A
PX180701_Family_Let_You_DownPX180701020900The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them?4N/A
PX180701_Family_Get_On_Your_NervesPX180701021000The next several questions are about your family. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they get on your nerves?4N/A
PX180701_Friends_Really_Care_About_YouPX180701030100The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do your friends really care about you?4N/A
PX180701_Friends_Understand_Way_You_FeelPX180701030200The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much do they understand the way you feel about things?4N/A
PX180701_Rely_On_Friends_For_HelpPX180701030300The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you rely on them for help if you have a serious problem?4N/A
PX180701_Open_Up_To_FriendsPX180701030400The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How much can you open up to them if you need to talk about your worries?4N/A
PX180701_Friends_Make_Too_Many_DemandsPX180701030500The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do your friends make too many demands on you?4N/A
PX180701_Friends_Criticize_YouPX180701030600The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they criticize you?4N/A
PX180701_Friends_Let_You_DownPX180701030700The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they let you down when you are counting on them?4N/A
PX180701_Friends_Get_On_Your_NervesPX180701030800The next several questions are about your friends. Please circle the appropriate number for each item. How often do they get on your nerves?4N/A