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Protocol - Emotional State - Child

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Protocol Name from Source:

Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Child Form (PANAS-C)

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Child Form (PANAS-C) is a 30-item, self-report questionnaire used to measure the respondent’s emotions during the past few weeks. The items are grouped into the subscales indicated in the title of the protocol: positive affect and negative affect. The respondent is asked to read several words that describe feelings and emotions and enter a number that corresponds to the value on a scale. The 5-item scale ranges from "not much or not at all," with a value of 1, to "a lot," with a value of 5.

Protocol:

Feelings and Emotions (PANAS-C)

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions.

Read each item and then circle the appropriate answer next to that word.

Indicate how much you have felt this way during the past few weeks.

Not much or not at all

A little

Some

Quite a bit

A lot

Interested

1

2

3

4

5

Sad

1

2

3

4

5

Frightened

1

2

3

4

5

Alert

1

2

3

4

5

Excited

1

2

3

4

5

Ashamed

1

2

3

4

5

Upset

1

2

3

4

5

Happy

1

2

3

4

5

Strong

1

2

3

4

5

Nervous

1

2

3

4

5

Guilty

1

2

3

4

5

Energetic

1

2

3

4

5

Scared

1

2

3

4

5

Calm

1

2

3

4

5

Miserable

1

2

3

4

5

Jittery

1

2

3

4

5

Cheerful

1

2

3

4

5

Active

1

2

3

4

5

Proud

1

2

3

4

5

Afraid

1

2

3

4

5

Joyful

1

2

3

4

5

Lonely

1

2

3

4

5

Mad

1

2

3

4

5

Fearless

1

2

3

4

5

Disgusted

1

2

3

4

5

Delighted

1

2

3

4

5

Blue

1

2

3

4

5

Daring

1

2

3

4

5

Gloomy

1

2

3

4

5

Lively

1

2

3

4

5

PANAS-C SCORING SHEET

Instructions: Record the child or adolescent's rating for each item in the appropriate blank.

Ratings are from 1 to 5. To obtain the score for the positive affect (PA) scale, add the raw scores for the 12 items that compose the PA scale. Similarly, adding the raw scores for the 15 items that compose the negative affect (NA) scale results in the score for the NA scale.

Positive Affect (rated 1-5) _______Negative Affect (rated 1-5) _______
Interested _______ Sad _______
Excited _______Frightened _______
Happy _______Ashamed _______
Strong _______Upset _______
Energetic _______Nervous _______
Calm _______Guilty _______
Cheerful _______Scared _______
Active _______Miserable _______
Proud _______Jittery _______
Joyful _______Afraid _______
Delighted _______Lonely _______
Lively _______Mad _______
Disgusted _______
Blue _______
Gloomy _______

PA Total _______

NA Total _______

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Child, Adolescent

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This measure assesses positive and negative aspects of a person’s mood.

Purpose

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) measures the two broadest dimensions of emotional state (positive and negative affect). PANAS also includes subscales used to measure more specific emotions within these broad groupings. Positive affect and negative affect have been associated with mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.

Selection Rationale

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Child Form (PANAS-C) is a brief instrument derived from the well-established PANAS, PANAS-Expanded Form (PANAS-X), and other emotion scales. The PANAS-C has been used successfully on large studies of children and exhibits high reliability and good convergent and discriminant validity.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Child Emotional State Assessment Score3163015CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Emotional state - child proto62924-6LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Source

Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. E., Jr., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., Osborne, L., & Gathright, T. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11(3), 326-338.

General References

Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., & Joiner, T. E., Jr. (2004). Development and preliminary validation of the Physiological Hyperarousal Scale for Children. Psychological Assessment, 16(4), 373-380.

Protocol ID:

180502

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180502_InterestedPX180502010000Interested4N/A
PX180502_SadPX180502020000Sad4N/A
PX180502_FrightenedPX180502030000Frightened4N/A
PX180502_AlertPX180502040000Alert4N/A
PX180502_ExcitedPX180502050000Excited4N/A
PX180502_AshamedPX180502060000Ashamed4N/A
PX180502_UpsetPX180502070000Upset4N/A
PX180502_HappyPX180502080000Happy4N/A
PX180502_StrongPX180502090000Strong4N/A
PX180502_NervousPX180502100000Nervous4N/A
PX180502_GuiltyPX180502110000Guilty4N/A
PX180502_EnergeticPX180502120000Energetic4N/A
PX180502_ScaredPX180502130000Scared4N/A
PX180502_CalmPX180502140000Calm4N/A
PX180502_MiserablePX180502150000Miserable4N/A
PX180502_JitteryPX180502160000Jittery4N/A
PX180502_CheerfulPX180502170000Cheerful4N/A
PX180502_ActivePX180502180000Active4N/A
PX180502_ProudPX180502190000Proud4N/A
PX180502_AfraidPX180502200000Afraid4N/A
PX180502_JoyfulPX180502210000Joyful4N/A
PX180502_LonelyPX180502220000Lonely4N/A
PX180502_MadPX180502230000Mad4N/A
PX180502_FearlessPX180502240000Fearless4N/A
PX180502_DisgustedPX180502250000Disgusted4N/A
PX180502_DelightedPX180502260000Delighted4N/A
PX180502_BluePX180502270000Blue4N/A
PX180502_DaringPX180502280000Daring4N/A
PX180502_GloomyPX180502290000Gloomy4N/A
PX180502_LivelyPX180502300000Lively4N/A