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Protocol - Emotional State - Adult

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Protocol Name from Source:

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form (PANAS‑X)

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form (PANAS X) is a 60-item scale used to measure the respondent’s emotions during the past few weeks.

Protocol:

The PANAS-X scale includes 60 items that are grouped into the following four subgroups and subscales: general dimension scales (negative affect, positive affect), basic negative emotion scales (fear, hostility, guilt, sadness), basic positive emotion scales (joviality, self-assurance, attentiveness), and other affective states (shyness, fatigue, serenity, surprise).

The respondent is asked to read several words and phrases which describe feelings and emotions and enter a number that corresponds to the value on a scale. The 5-item scale ranges from "very slightly or not at all," with a value of 1, to "extremely," with a value of 5.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult

Specific Instructions:

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form (PANAS X) scale and scoring are available on the University of Iowa’s Department of Psychology website. The scale is copyrighted by Dr. David Watson and Dr. Lee Anna Clark. Permission to reproduce the instrument is granted for noncommercial applications only; any commercial use would require the express written permission of the copyright holders.

Dr. Watson and Dr. Clark are professors in the Department of Psychology at the University of Notre Dame.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This measure assesses positive and negative aspects of a person’s mood.

Purpose

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) measures the two broadest dimensions of emotional state (positive and negative affect). PANAS also includes subscales used to measure more specific emotions within these broad groupings. Positive affect and negative affect have been associated with mental health problems such as depression and anxiety.

Selection Rationale

The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form (PANAS-X) are well-known and commonly used psychometric measures. Internal consistency is high for both the positive and negative scales (Cronbach’s alpha is between 0.83 and 0.90).

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Adult Emotional State Assessment Score3163014CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Emotional state - adult proto62923-8LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Source

Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1999). The PANAS-X: Manual for the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa. http://www2.psychology.uiowa.edu/Faculty/Clark/PANAS-X.pdf

General References

Watson, D., & Naragon-Gainey, K. (2010). On the specificity of positive emotional dysfunction in psychopathology: Evidence from the mood and anxiety disorders and schizophrenia/schizotypy. Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 839-848.

Protocol ID:

180501

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180501_CheerfulPX180501010000cheerful4N/A
PX180501_SadPX180501020000sad4N/A
PX180501_ActivePX180501030000active4N/A
PX180501_Angry_At_SelfPX180501040000angry at self4N/A
PX180501_CalmPX180501060000calm4N/A
PX180501_GuiltyPX180501070000guilty4N/A
PX180501_EnthusiasticPX180501080000Enthusiastic4N/A
PX180501_AttentivePX180501090000attentive4N/A
PX180501_AfraidPX180501100000afraid4N/A
PX180501_JoyfulPX180501110000joyful4N/A
PX180501_DownheartedPX180501120000Downhearted4N/A
PX180501_BashfulPX180501130000bashful4N/A
PX180501_TiredPX180501140000tired4N/A
PX180501_NervousPX180501150000nervous4N/A
PX180501_SheepishPX180501160000sheepish4N/A
PX180501_SluggishPX180501170000sluggish4N/A
PX180501_AmazedPX180501180000amazed4N/A
PX180501_LonelyPX180501190000lonely4N/A
PX180501_DistressedPX180501200000distressed4N/A
PX180501_DaringPX180501210000daring4N/A
PX180501_ShakyPX180501220000shaky4N/A
PX180501_SleepyPX180501230000sleepy4N/A
PX180501_BlameworthyPX180501240000blameworthy4N/A
PX180501_SurprisedPX180501250000surprised4N/A
PX180501_HappyPX180501260000happy4N/A
PX180501_ExcitedPX180501270000excited4N/A
PX180501_DeterminedPX180501280000determined4N/A
PX180501_StrongPX180501290000strong4N/A
PX180501_TimidPX180501300000timid4N/A
PX180501_HostilePX180501310000hostile4N/A
PX180501_FrightenedPX180501320000frightened4N/A
PX180501_ScornfulPX180501330000scornful4N/A
PX180501_AlonePX180501340000alone4N/A
PX180501_ProudPX180501350000proud4N/A
PX180501_AstonishedPX180501360000proud4N/A
PX180501_RelaxedPX180501370000relaxed4N/A
PX180501_AlertPX180501380000alert4N/A
PX180501_JitteryPX180501390000jittery4N/A
PX180501_InterestedPX180501400000interested4N/A
PX180501_IrritablePX180501410000irritable4N/A
PX180501_UpsetPX180501420000upset4N/A
PX180501_LivelyPX180501430000lively4N/A
PX180501_Disgusted_With_SelfPX180501050000disgusted with self4N/A
PX180501_LoathingPX180501440000loathing4N/A
PX180501_DelightedPX180501450000delighted4N/A
PX180501_AngryPX180501460000angry4N/A
PX180501_AshamedPX180501470000ashamed4N/A
PX180501_ConfidentPX180501480000confident4N/A
PX180501_BoldPX180501500000bold4N/A
PX180501_At_EasePX180501510000at ease4N/A
PX180501_EnergeticPX180501520000energetic4N/A
PX180501_FearlessPX180501530000fearless4N/A
PX180501_BluePX180501540000blue4N/A
PX180501_ScaredPX180501550000scared4N/A
PX180501_ConcentratingPX180501560000concentrating4N/A
PX180501_DisgustedPX180501570000disgusted4N/A
PX180501_ShyPX180501580000shy4N/A
PX180501_DrowsyPX180501590000drowsy4N/A
PX180501_Dissatisfied_With_SelfPX180501600000Dissatisfied with self4N/A
PX180501_InspiredPX180501490000inspired4N/A