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Protocol - Disinhibiting Behaviors - Impulsivity - Adolescent and Adult

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Protocol Name from Source:

UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale contains 59 self-administered questions that are scored as five subscales (urgency, premeditation, perseverance, sensation seeking, and positive urgency). The respondent is asked to complete the questionnaire by reading each item and circling the number on a Likert scale, ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree, that corresponds to his/her behavior.

Protocol:

Below are a number of statements that describe ways in which people act and think. For each statement, please indicate how much you agree or disagree with the statement. If you Agree Strongly circle 1, if you Agree Somewhat circle 2, if you Disagree Somewhat circle 3, and if you Disagree Strongly circle 4. Be sure to indicate your agreement or disagreement for every statement below. Also, there are questions on the following pages.

Agree Strongly

Agree Some

Disagree Some

Disagree Strongly

1.

I have a reserved and cautious attitude toward life.

1

2

3

4

2.

I have trouble controlling my impulses.

1

2

3

4

3.

I generally seek new and exciting experiences and sensations.

1

2

3

4

4.

I generally like to see things through to the end.

1

2

3

4

5.

When I am very happy, I can't seem to stop myself from doing things that can have bad consequences.

1

2

3

4

6.

My thinking is usually careful and purposeful.

1

2

3

4

7.

I have trouble resisting my cravings (for food, cigarettes, etc).

1

2

3

4

8.

I'll try anything once.

1

2

3

4

9.

I tend to give up easily.

1

2

3

4

10.

When I am in a great mood, I tend to get into situations that could cause me problems.

1

2

3

4

11.

I am not one of those people who blurt out things without thinking.

1

2

3

4

12.

I often get involved in things I later wish I could get out of.

1

2

3

4

13.

I like sports and games in which you have to choose your next move very quickly.

1

2

3

4

14.

Unfinished tasks really bother me.

1

2

3

4

15.

When I am very happy, I tend to do things that may cause problems in my life.

1

2

3

4

16.

I like to stop and think things over before I do them.

1

2

3

4

17.

When I feel bad, I will often do things I later regret in order to make myself feel better now.

1

2

3

4

18.

I would enjoy water skiing.

1

2

3

4

19.

Once I get going on something I hate to stop.

1

2

3

4

20.

I tend to lose control when I am in a great mood.

1

2

3

4

21.

I don't like to start a project until I know exactly how to proceed.

1

2

3

4

22.

Sometimes when I feel bad, I can't seem to stop what I am doing even though it is making me feel worse.

1

2

3

4

23.

I quite enjoy taking risks.

1

2

3

4

24.

I concentrate easily.

1

2

3

4

25.

When I am really ecstatic, I tend to get out of control.

1

2

3

4

26.

I would enjoy parachute jumping.

1

2

3

4

27.

I finish what I start.

1

2

3

4

28.

I tend to value and follow a rational, "sensible" approach to things.

1

2

3

4

29.

When I am upset I often act without thinking.

1

2

3

4

30.

Others would say I make bad choices when I am extremely happy about something.

1

2

3

4

31.

I welcome new and exciting experiences and sensations, even if they are a little frightening and unconventional.

1

2

3

4

32.

I am able to pace myself so as to get things done on time.

1

2

3

4

33.

I usually make up my mind through careful reasoning.

1

2

3

4

34.

When I feel rejected, I will often say things I regret later.

1

2

3

4

35.

Others are shocked or worried about the things I do when I am feeling very excited.

1

2

3

4

36.

I would like to learn to fly an airplane.

1

2

3

4

37.

I am a person who always gets the job done.

1

2

3

4

38.

I am a cautious person.

1

2

3

4

39.

It is hard for me to resist acting on my feelings.

1

2

3

4

40.

When I get really happy about something, I tend to do things that can have bad consequences.

1

2

3

4

41.

I sometimes like doing things that are a bit frightening.

1

2

3

4

42.

I almost always finish projects that I start.

1

2

3

4

43.

Before I get into a new situation I like to find out what to expect from it.

1

2

3

4

44.

I often make matters worse because I act without thinking when I am upset.

1

2

3

4

45.

When overjoyed, I feel like I can't stop myself from going overboard.

1

2

3

4

46.

I would enjoy the sensation of skiing very fast down a high mountain slope.

1

2

3

4

47.

Sometimes there are so many little things to be done that I just ignore them all.

1

2

3

4

48.

I usually think carefully before doing anything.

1

2

3

4

49.

When I am really excited, I tend not to think of the consequences of my actions.

1

2

3

4

50.

In the heat of an argument, I will often say things that I later regret.

1

2

3

4

51.

I would like to go scuba diving.

1

2

3

4

52.

I tend to act without thinking when I am really excited.

1

2

3

4

53.

I always keep my feelings under control.

1

2

3

4

54.

When I am really happy, I often find myself in situations that I normally wouldn't be comfortable with.

1

2

3

4

55.

Before making up my mind, I consider all the advantages and disadvantages.

1

2

3

4

56.

I would enjoy fast driving.

1

2

3

4

57.

When I am very happy, I feel like it is ok to give in to cravings or overindulge.

1

2

3

4

58.

Sometimes I do impulsive things that I later regret.

1

2

3

4

59.

I am surprised at the things I do while in a great mood.

1

2

3

4

Scoring Instructions:

This is a revised version of the UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale (Whiteside & Lynam, 2001). This version, UPPS-P (Lynam, Smith, Whiteside, & Cyders, 2006), assesses positive urgency (Cyders, Smith, Spillane, Fischer, Annus, & Peterson, 2007) in addition to the four pathways assessed in the original version of the scale—urgency (now negative urgency), (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, and sensation seeking. The scale uses a 1 (agree strongly) to 4 (disagree strongly) response format. Because the items from different scales run in different directions, it is important to make sure that the correct items are reverse-scored. Typically all of the items are recoded in the direction such that higher scores indicate more impulsive behavior. Therefore, we include the scoring key for (negative) urgency, (lack of) premeditation, (lack of) perseverance, sensation seeking, and positive urgency. For each scale, calculate the mean of the available items; this puts the scales on the same metric. Typically participants must have responded to at least 70% of the items before a score is calculated.

(Negative) Urgency (all items except one are reversed)

items 2 (R), 7(R), 12 (R), 17 (R), 22 (R), 29 (R), 34 (R), 39 (R), 44 (R), 50 (R), 53, 58 (R)

(lack of) Premeditation (no items are reversed)

items 1, 6, 11, 16, 21, 28, 33, 38, 43, 48, 55

(lack of) Perseverance (two items are reversed)

items 4, 9 (R), 14, 19, 24, 27, 32, 37, 42, 47 (R)

Sensation Seeking (all items are reversed)

items 3 (R), 8 (R), 13 (R), 18 (R), 23 (R), 26 (R), 31 (R), 36 (R), 41 (R), 46 (R), 51 (R), 56 (R)

Positive Urgency (all items are reversed)

items 5 (R), 10 (R), 15 (R), 20 (R), 25 (R), 30 (R), 35 (R), 40 (R), 45 (R), 49 (R), 52 (R), 54 (R), 57 (R), 59 (R)

(R) indicates the item needs to be reverse scored such 1=4, 2=3, 3=2, and 4=1.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adolescent, Adult

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

December 13, 2010

Definition

This is an assessment with five subscales that are used to measure five distinct dimensions of impulsive behavior.

Purpose

Impulsivity is typically defined as the initiation of behavior without forethought. It has been identified as a risk factor for a variety of psychiatric disorders and problem drinking.

Selection Rationale

[

The UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale was developed by Whiteside and Lynam (2001) through an empirical investigation of the many different existent measures of the heterogeneous trait of impulsivity. Used in studies of psychiatric disorders and risky and deviant behavior, the scale has been widely adopted, validated with adolescents and adults, and administered in French and German. In 2006, Dr. Gregory Smith and colleagues added one more dimension (positive urgency) to the scale. Each subscale has been validated and the results are independent of one another.

]

Language

English, French, German

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Adult Impulsive Behavior Assessment Scale3162877CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Disinhibit behav - impuls adult proto62920-4LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains. Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

  • No changes

Source

Lynam, D. R., Smith, G. T., Whiteside, S. P., & Cyders, M. A. (2006). The UPPS-P: Assessing five personality pathways to impulsive behavior. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University.

General References

Cyders, M. A., Smith, G. T., Spillane, N. S., Fischer, S., Annus, A. M., & Peterson, C. (2007). Integration of impulsivity and positive mood to predict risky behavior: Development and validation of a measure of positive urgency. Psychological Assessment, 19(1), 107-118.

d'Acremont, M., & Van der Linden, M. (2005). Adolescent impulsivity: Findings from a community sample. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, 427-435.

Fischer, S., & Smith, G. T. (2008). Binge eating, problem drinking, and pathological gambling: Linking behavior to shared traits and social learning. Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 789-800.

Lynam, D. R., & Miller, J. D. (2004). Personality pathways to impulsive behavior and their relations to deviance: Results from three samples. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 20, 319-342.

Smith, G. T., Fischer, S., Cyders, M. A., Annus, A. M., Spillane, N. S., & McCarthy, D. M. (2007). On the validity and utility of discriminating among impulsivity-like traits. Assessment, 14, 155-170.

Whiteside, S. P., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). The Five Factor Model and impulsivity: Using a structural model of personality to understand impulsivity. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 669-689.

Protocol ID:

180401

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX180401_Like_To_Fly_An_AirplanePX180401360000I would like to learn to fly an airplane.4N/A
PX180401_Get_The_Job_DonePX180401370000I am a person who always gets the job done.4N/A
PX180401_Cautious_PersonPX180401380000I am a cautious person.4N/A
PX180401_Hard_To_Resist_FeelingsPX180401390000It is hard for me to resist acting on my feelings.4N/A
PX180401_Do_Things_With_Bad_ConsequencesPX180401400000When I get really happy about something, I tend to do things that can have bad consequences.4N/A
PX180401_Like_Doing_Frightening_ThingsPX180401410000I sometimes like doing things that are a bit frightening.4N/A
PX180401_Almost_Always_Finish_ProjectsPX180401420000I almost always finish projects that I start.4N/A
PX180401_Cautious_About_New_SituationsPX180401430000Before I get into a new situation I like to find out what to expect from it.4N/A
PX180401_Act_Without_Thinking_Make_WorsePX180401440000I often make matters worse because I act without thinking when I am upset.4N/A
PX180401_Cant_Stop_From_Going_OverboardPX180401450000When overjoyed, I feel like I can't stop myself from going overboard.4N/A
PX180401_Would_Enjoy_Snow_Skiing_SensationPX180401460000I would enjoy the sensation of skiing very fast down a high mountain slope.4N/A
PX180401_Ignore_Little_ThingsPX180401470000Sometimes there are so many little things to be done that I just ignore them all.4N/A
PX180401_Think_Carefully_Before_Doing_AnythingPX180401480000I usually think carefully before doing anything.4N/A
PX180401_Dont_Think_About_ConsequencesPX180401490000When I am really excited, I tend not to think of the consequences of my actions.4N/A
PX180401_Say_Things_Later_RegretPX180401500000In the heat of an argument, I will often say things that I later regret.4N/A
PX180401_Would_Like_Scuba_DivingPX180401510000I would like to go scuba diving.4N/A
PX180401_Act_Without_Thinking_When_ExcitedPX180401520000I tend to act without thinking when I am really excited.4N/A
PX180401_Keep_Feelings_Under_ControlPX180401530000I always keep my feelings under control.4N/A
PX180401_Uncomfortable_Situations_When_HappyPX180401540000When I am really happy, I often find myself in situations that I normally wouldn't be comfortable with.4N/A
PX180401_Consider_All_Advantages_And_DisadvantagesPX180401550000Before making up my mind, I consider all the advantages and disadvantages.4N/A
PX180401_Enjoy_Fast_DrivingPX180401560000I would enjoy fast driving.4N/A
PX180401_Give_InTo_Cravings_When_HappyPX180401570000When I am very happy, I feel like it is ok to give in to cravings or overindulge.4N/A
PX180401_Do_Impulsive_Things_Later_RegretPX180401580000Sometimes I do impulsive things that I later regret.4N/A
PX180401_Surprising_Actions_Great_MoodPX180401590000I am surprised at the things I do while in a great mood.4N/A
PX180401_Cautious_Attitude_Toward_LifePX180401010000I have a reserved and cautious attitude toward life.4N/A
PX180401_Trouble_Controlling_ImpulsesPX180401020000I have trouble controlling my impulses.4N/A
PX180401_Seek_New_And_Exciting_ExperiencesPX180401030000I generally seek new and exciting experiences and sensations.4N/A
PX180401_See_Things_ThroughPX180401040000I generally like to see things through to the end.4N/A
PX180401_When_Happy_Do_Things_BadConsequencesPX180401050000When I am very happy, I can't seem to stop myself from doing things that can have bad consequences.4N/A
PX180401_Thinking_Careful_And_PurposefulPX180401060000My thinking is usually careful and purposeful.4N/A
PX180401_Trouble_Resisting_CravingsPX180401070000I have trouble resisting my cravings (for food, cigarettes, etc).4N/A
PX180401_Try_Anything_OncePX180401080000I'll try anything once.4N/A
PX180401_Give_Up_EasilyPX180401090000I tend to give up easily.4N/A
PX180401_Great_Mood_Get_Into_ProblemSituationsPX180401100000When I am in a great mood, I tend to get into situations that could cause me problems.4N/A
PX180401_Doesnt_Blurt_Out_Without_ThinkingPX180401110000I am not one of those people who blurt out things without thinking.4N/A
PX180401_Later_Wish_Get_Out_OfPX180401120000I often get involved in things I later wish I could get out of.4N/A
PX180401_Like_Games_Choose_Move_QuicklyPX180401130000I like sports and games in which you have to choose your next move very quickly.4N/A
PX180401_Unfinished_Tasks_Really_Bother_MePX180401140000Unfinished tasks really bother me.4N/A
PX180401_Do_Things_That_Cause_ProblemsPX180401150000When I am very happy, I tend to do things that may cause problems in my life.4N/A
PX180401_Stop_And_Think_Things_OverPX180401160000I like to stop and think things over before I do them.4N/A
PX180401_Regret_Actions_ToFeel_BetterPX180401170000When I feel bad, I will often do things I later regret in order to make myself feel better now.4N/A
PX180401_Would_Enjoy_Water_SkiingPX180401180000I would enjoy water skiing.4N/A
PX180401_Hate_To_StopPX180401190000Once I get going on something I hate to stop.4N/A
PX180401_Lose_ControlPX180401200000I tend to lose control when I am in a great mood.4N/A
PX180401_Exactly_How_To_ProceedPX180401210000I don't like to start a project until I know exactly how to proceed.4N/A
PX180401_Cant_Stop_Hurtful_ActionsPX180401220000Sometimes when I feel bad, I can't seem to stop what I am doing even though it is making me feel worse.4N/A
PX180401_Enjoy_Taking_RisksPX180401230000I quite enjoy taking risks.4N/A
PX180401_Concentrate_EasilyPX180401240000I concentrate easily.4N/A
PX180401_Out_Of_Control_When_EcstaticPX180401250000When I am really ecstatic, I tend to get out of control.4N/A
PX180401_Enjoy_Parachute_JumpingPX180401260000I would enjoy parachute jumping.4N/A
PX180401_Finish_What_I_StartPX180401270000I finish what I start.4N/A
PX180401_Rational_Approach_To_ThingsPX180401280000I tend to value and follow a rational, "sensible" approach to things.4N/A
PX180401_Act_Without_Thinking_When_UpsetPX180401290000When I am upset I often act without thinking.4N/A
PX180401_Others_Say_I_Make_BadChoicesPX180401300000Others would say I make bad choices when I am extremely happy about something.4N/A
PX180401_Welcome_New_And_Exciting_ExperiencesPX180401310000I welcome new and exciting experiences and sensations, even if they are a little frightening and unconventional.4N/A
PX180401_Able_To_Pace_MyselfPX180401320000I am able to pace myself so as to get things done on time.4N/A
PX180401_Careful_ReasoningPX180401330000I usually make up my mind through careful reasoning.4N/A
PX180401_Say_Things_Regret_When_RejectedPX180401340000When I feel rejected, I will often say things I regret later.4N/A
PX180401_Others_ShockedAbout_Things_I_DoPX180401350000Others are shocked or worried about the things I do when I am feeling very excited.4N/A