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Protocol - Physical Activity Self-Efficacy - Adult

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Protocol Name from Source:

McAuley, E. (1992). The role of efficacy cognitions in the prediction of exercise behavior in middle-aged adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15, 65-88.

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The participant is asked to complete a brief set of questions about his or her perceived ability to perform physical activity in the event that common barriers exist that may impede regular participation. The participant is asked to respond by circling a percentage on a scale of 0% to 100% that relates to the confidence he or she has in performing physical activity with an existing barrier (e.g., bad weather).

Protocol:

The following items reflect situations that are listed as common reasons for preventing individuals from participating in exercise sessions or, in some cases, dropping out. Using the scales below please indicate how confident you are that you could exercise in the event that any of the following circumstances were to occur.

Please indicate the degree to which you are confident that you could exercise in the event that any of the following circumstances were to occur by circling the appropriate %. Select the response that most closely matches your own, remembering that there are no right or wrong answers.

For example, in question #1 if you have complete confidence that you could exercise even if "the weather was very bad," you would circle 100%. If, however, you had no confidence at all that you could exercise, if you failed to make or continue making progress (that is, confidence you would not exercise), you would circle 0%.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
NOT AT ALL MODERATELY HIGHLY
CONFIDENT CONFIDENT CONFIDENT

I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF:

1. The weather was very bad (hot, humid, rainy, cold).

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

2. I was bored by the program or activity.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

3. I was on vacation.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF:

4. I was not interested in the activity.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

5. I felt pain or discomfort when exercising.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

6. I had to exercise alone.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

7. It was not fun or enjoyable.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

8. It became difficult to get to the exercise location.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

9. I didn’t like the particular activity program that I was involved in.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF:

10. My schedule conflicted with my exercise session.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

11. I felt self-conscious about my appearance when I exercised.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

12. An instructor does not offer me any encouragement.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

13. I was under personal stress of some kind.

0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

Scoring

Sum all items and divide by 13. Higher scores indicate greater exercise self-efficacy, or confidence in one’s ability to exercise although barriers exist.

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

This questionnaire should be administered after individuals have experience with the behavior (e.g., after they have been exercising for 1 week).

Note from the Expert Review Panel:

The protocol text includes the word "exercise" in some of the items. It may be more appropriate to refer to "exercise" as "physical activity," but the protocol was not changed for consistency.

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

October 1, 2015

Definition

This is a measure of a person’s confidence in his or her ability to be physically active on a regular basis.

Purpose

Physical activity self-efficacy is a behavioral factor that can predict whether a person will regularly engage in physical activity and can predict various health outcomes (e.g., quality of life). Physical activity self-efficacy has been found to be a significant mediator in maintaining physical activity behavior.

Selection Rationale

Physical activity self-efficacy has been found to be a significant mediator in the maintenance of exercise behavior. This protocol has been developed following accepted methods of self-efficacy measure development and is commonly used with older adults.

Language

English

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Adolescent Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Assessment Score3107320CDE Browser
Common Data Elements (CDE)Adult Physical Activity Self-Efficacy Assessment Score3107324CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Phys act self efficacy adult proto62845-3LOINC

Process and Review

The [link[phenx.org/node/62|Expert Review Panel #1]] reviewed the measures in the Anthropometrics, Diabetes, Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, and Nutrition and Dietary Supplements domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

  • No significant changes

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive ([link[www.phenxtoolkit.org/index.php?pageLink=browse.archive.protocols&id=150000|link]])

Source

McAuley, E. (1992). The role of efficacy cognitions in the prediction of exercise behavior in middle-aged adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 15, 65-88.

General References

Bandura, A. (2006). Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. In F. Pajares & T. Urdan (Eds.), Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents (pp. 307-337). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

Protocol ID:

151302

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX151302_Bad_WeatherPX151302010000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: The weather was very bad (hot, humid, rainy, cold).4N/A
PX151302_BoredPX151302020000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was bored by the program or activity.4N/A
PX151302_VacationPX151302030000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was on vacation.4N/A
PX151302_Not_InterestedPX151302040000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was not interested in the activity.4N/A
PX151302_PainPX151302050000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I felt pain or discomfort when exercising.4N/A
PX151302_Exercise_AlonePX151302060000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I had to exercise alone.4N/A
PX151302_Not_EnjoyablePX151302070000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: It was not fun or enjoyable.4N/A
PX151302_Difficult_Get_To_LocationPX151302080000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: It became difficult to get to the exercise location.4N/A
PX151302_Did_Not_Like_ActivityPX151302090000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I didn't like the particular activity program that I was involved in.4N/A
PX151302_Conflicting_SchedulePX151302100000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: My schedule conflicted with my exercise session.4N/A
PX151302_Self_Conscious_About_AppearancePX151302110000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I felt self-conscious about my appearance when I exercised.4N/A
PX151302_No_EncouragementPX151302120000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: An instructor does not offer me any encouragement.4N/A
PX151302_Personal_StressPX151302130000I BELIEVE THAT I COULD EXERCISE 3 TIMES PER WEEK FOR THE NEXT 3 MONTHS IF: I was under personal stress of some kind.4N/A