Loading…

Protocol - Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders - Adult

Add to Toolkit

Protocol Name from Source:

The Autism Spectrum Quotient-Adult Version

Availability:

Publicly available

Description:

The Autism Spectrum Quotient for Adults is a 50-question self-report instrument designed to screen ages 16 years and older for symptoms of autism. A scoring key is also included. This instrument comes from the United Kingdom, where age 16 years is more readily considered an adult.

Protocol:

1. I prefer to do things with others rather than on my own.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

2. I prefer to do things the same way over and over again.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

3. If I try to imagine something, I find it very easy to create a picture in my mind.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

4. I frequently get so strongly absorbed in one thing that I lose sight of other things.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

5. I often notice small sounds when others do not.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

6. I usually notice car number plates or similar strings of information.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

7. Other people frequently tell me that what I’ve said is impolite, even though I think it is polite.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

8. When I’m reading a story, I can easily imagine what the characters might look like.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

9. I am fascinated by dates.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

10. In a social group, I can easily keep track of several different people’s conversations.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

11. I find social situations easy.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

12. I tend to notice details that others do not.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

13. I would rather go to a library than a party.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

14. I find making up stories easy.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

15. I find myself drawn more strongly to people than to things.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

16. I tend to have very strong interests which I get upset about if I can’t pursue.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

17. I enjoy social chit-chat.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

18. When I talk, it isn’t always easy for others to get a word in edgeways.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

19. I am fascinated by numbers.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

20. When I’m reading a story, I find it difficult to work out the characters’ intentions.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

21. I don’t particularly enjoy reading fiction.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

22. I find it hard to make new friends.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

23. I notice patterns in things all the time.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

24. I would rather go to the theatre than a museum.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

25. It does not upset me if my daily routine is disturbed.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

26. I frequently find that I don’t know how to keep a conversation going.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

27. I find it easy to "read between the lines" when someone is talking to me.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

28. I usually concentrate more on the whole picture, rather than the small details.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

29. I am not very good at remembering phone numbers.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

30. I don’t usually notice small changes in a situation, or a person’s appearance.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

31. I know how to tell if someone listening to me is getting bored.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

32. I find it easy to do more than one thing at once.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

33. When I talk on the phone, I’m not sure when it’s my turn to speak.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

34. I enjoy doing things spontaneously.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

35. I am often the last to understand the point of a joke.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

36. I find it easy to work out what someone is thinking or feeling just by looking at their face.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

37. If there is an interruption, I can switch back to what I was doing very quickly.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

38. I am good at social chit-chat.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

39. People often tell me that I keep going on and on about the same thing.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

40. When I was young, I used to enjoy playing games involving pretending with other children.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

41. I like to collect information about categories of things (e.g., types of car, types of bird, types of train, types of plant, etc.).

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

42. I find it difficult to imagine what it would be like to be someone else.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

43. I like to plan any activities I participate in carefully.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

44. I enjoy social occasions.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

45. I find it difficult to work out people’s intentions.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

46. New situations make me anxious.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

47. I enjoy meeting new people.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

48. I am a good diplomat.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

49. I am not very good at remembering people’s date of birth.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

50. I find it very easy to play games with children that involve pretending.

[ ] Definitely agree

[ ] Slightly agree

[ ] Slightly disagree

[ ] Definitely disagree

Scoring Key

Responses that score 1 point are marked. Other responses score 0. For total score, sum all items. Minimum score possible is 0, Maximum score possible is 50. A score of 32 or above is highly predictive of Autism Spectrum disorders in adults.

Definitely

agree

Slightly

agree

Slightly

disagree

Definitely

disagree

1.

I prefer to do things with others rather than on my own.

1

1

2.

I prefer to do things the same way over and over again.

1

1

3.

If I try to imagine something, I find it very easy to create a picture in my mind.

1

1

4.

I frequently get so strongly absorbed in one thing that I lose sight of other things.

1

1

5.

I often notice small sounds when others do not.

1

1

6.

I usually notice car number plates or similar strings of information.

1

1

7.

Other people frequently tell me that what I’ve said is impolite, even though I think it is polite.

1

1

8.

When I’m reading a story, I can easily imagine what the characters might look like.

1

1

9.

I am fascinated by dates.

1

1

10.

In a social group, I can easily keep track of several different people’s conversations.

1

1

11.

I find social situations easy.

1

1

12.

I tend to notice details that others do not.

1

1

13.

I would rather go to a library than a party.

1

1

14.

I find making up stories easy.

1

1

15.

I find myself drawn more strongly to people than to things.

1

1

16.

I tend to have very strong interests which I get upset about if I can’t pursue.

1

1

17.

I enjoy social chit-chat.

1

1

18.

When I talk, it isn’t always easy for others to get a word in edgeways.

1

1

19.

I am fascinated by numbers.

1

1

20.

When I’m reading a story, I find it difficult to work out the characters’ intentions.

1

1

21.

I don’t particularly enjoy reading fiction.

1

1

22.

I find it hard to make new friends.

1

1

23.

I notice patterns in things all the time.

1

1

24.

I would rather go to the theatre than a museum.

1

1

25.

It does not upset me if my daily routine is disturbed.

1

1

26.

I frequently find that I don’t know how to keep a conversation going.

1

1

27.

I find it easy to "read between the lines" when someone is talking to me.

1

1

28.

I usually concentrate more on the whole picture, rather than the small details.

1

1

29.

I am not very good at remembering phone numbers.

1

1

30.

I don’t usually notice small changes in a situation, or a person’s appearance.

1

1

31.

I know how to tell if someone listening to me is getting bored.

1

1

32.

I find it easy to do more than one thing at once.

1

1

33.

When I talk on the phone, I’m not sure when it’s my turn to speak.

1

1

34.

I enjoy doing things spontaneously.

1

1

35.

I am often the last to understand the point of a joke.

1

1

36.

I find it easy to work out what someone is thinking or feeling just by looking at their face.

1

1

37.

If there is an interruption, I can switch back to what I was doing very quickly.

1

1

38.

I am good at social chit-chat.

1

1

39.

People often tell me that I keep going on and on about the same thing.

1

1

40.

When I was young, I used to enjoy playing games involving pretending with other children.

1

1

41.

I like to collect information about categories of things (e.g., types of car, types of bird, types of train, types of plant, etc.).

1

1

42.

I find it difficult to imagine what it would be like to be someone else.

1

1

43.

I like to plan any activities I participate in carefully.

1

1

44.

I enjoy social occasions.

1

1

45.

I find it difficult to work out people’s intentions.

1

1

46.

New situations make me anxious.

1

1

47.

I enjoy meeting new people.

1

1

48.

I am a good diplomat.

1

1

49.

I am not very good at remembering people’s date of birth.

1

1

50.

I find it very easy to play games with children that involve pretending.

1

1

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements

Requirement CategoryRequired
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individualNo
Major equipmentNo
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collectionNo
Specialized trainingNo

Mode of Administration

Self-administered

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Specific Instructions:

None

Research Domain Information

Release Date:

May 12, 2010

Definition

A questionnaire to assess autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a group of developmental problems that includes autism, Asperger’s syndrome, Rett syndrome, and the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders Not Otherwise Specified. ASD is characterized by a lack of social interaction, difficulties in verbal and nonverbal communication, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior (APA, 2000).

Purpose

This measure is used to screen an individual for the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is estimated that between 1 in 80 and 1 in 240 children, with an average of 1 in 110 children, in the United States have an ASD (CDC, 2009). Autism displays a familial pattern because first-order relatives of those with ASD are at greater risk for autism and other developmental problems than the general population (APA, 2000).

Selection Rationale

The Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) was vetted against similar protocols and was selected because it is a nonproprietary, free instrument that is low burden to investigators and respondents and is available for a variety of age ranges.

Language

Dutch, English, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Mandarin Chinese, Norwegian, Persian, Portugese, Romanian, Slovenian, Spanish

Standards

StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE)Adult Autism Spectrum Disorder Assessment Score3075509CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)Autism disorders adult proto62738-0LOINC

Process and Review

[link[phenx.org/node/103|Expert Review Panel 4]] (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· Revised description of the measure

Source

Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J., & Clubley, E. (2001). The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 31, 5-17.

General References

American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author.

Ashwood, K. L., Gillan, N., Horder, J., Hayward, H., Woodhouse, E., McEwen, F. S., Findon, J., Eklund, H., Spain, D., Wilson, C. E., Cadman, T., Young, S., Stoencheva, V., Murphy, C. M., Robertson, D., Charman, T., Bolton, P., Glaser, K., Asherson, P., Simonoff, E., & Murphy, D.G. (2016). Predicting the diagnosis of autism in adults using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) questionnaire. Psychological Medicine, 46(12), 2595-2604.

Centers for Disease Control and Preventions (CDC), Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network Surveillance Year 2006 Principal Investigators. (2009). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders-Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2006. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Surveillance Summaries, 58(10), 1-20.

Hadjikhani, N., Zürcher, N. R., Rogier, O., Hippolyte, L., Lemonnier, E., Ruest, T., Ward, N., Lassalle, A., Gillberg, N., Helles, A., Gillber, C., Solomon, P., Prkachin, K. M., & Gillberg, C. (2014). Emotional contagion for pain is intact in autism spectrum disorders. Translational Psychiatry, 4(1), e343.

Uzefovsky, F., Allison, C., Smith, P., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2016). Brief Report: The Go/No-Go Task Online: Inhibitory control deficits in autism in a large sample. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(8), 2774-2779.

Protocol ID:

120901

Variables:

Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX120901_Prefer_Do_Things_With_OthersPX120901010000I prefer to do things with others rather than on my own.4N/A
PX120901_Prefer_Do_Things_Same_WayPX120901020000I prefer to do things the same way over and over again.4N/A
PX120901_Easy_Create_Picture_ImaginationPX120901030000If I try to imagine something, I find it very easy to create a picture in my mind.4N/A
PX120901_Notice_Small_SoundsPX120901050000I often notice small sounds when others do not.4N/A
PX120901_Notice_License_PlatesPX120901060000I usually notice car number plates or similar strings of information.4N/A
PX120901_People_Call_Me_ImpolitePX120901070000Other people frequently tell me that what I've said is impolite, even though I think it is polite.4N/A
PX120901_Easily_Imagine_Story_CharactersPX120901080000When I'm reading a story, I can easily imagine what the characters might look like.4N/A
PX120901_Fascinated_DatesPX120901090000I am fascinated by dates.4N/A
PX120901_Keep_Track_Different_ConversationsPX120901100000In a social group, I can easily keep track of several different people's conversations.4N/A
PX120901_Social_Situations_EasyPX120901110000I find social situations easy.4N/A
PX120901_Notice_DetailsPX120901120000I tend to notice details that others do not.4N/A
PX120901_Library_Over_PartyPX120901130000I would rather go to a library than a party.4N/A
PX120901_Make_Up_Stories_EasilyPX120901140000I find making up stories easy.4N/A
PX120901_Drawn_To_PeoplePX120901150000I find myself drawn more strongly to people than to things.4N/A
PX120901_Strong_InterestsPX120901160000I tend to have very strong interests which I get upset about if I can't pursue.4N/A
PX120901_Enjoy_Chit_ChatPX120901170000I enjoy social chit-chat.4N/A
PX120901_Dominate_ConversationPX120901180000When I talk, it isn't always easy for others to get a word in edgeways.4N/A
PX120901_Fascinated_By_NumbersPX120901190000I am fascinated by numbers.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Understanding_Story_CharactersPX120901200000When I'm reading a story, I find it difficult to work out the characters' intentions.4N/A
PX120901_Does_Not_Enjoy_FictionPX120901210000I don't particularly enjoy reading fiction.4N/A
PX120901_Strongly_AbsorbedPX120901040000I frequently get so strongly absorbed in one thing that I lose sight of other things.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Making_FriendsPX120901220000I find it hard to make new friends.4N/A
PX120901_Notice_PatternsPX120901230000I notice patterns in things all the time.4N/A
PX120901_Theatre_Over_MuseumPX120901240000I would rather go to the theatre than a museum.4N/A
PX120901_Daily_RoutinePX120901250000It does not upset me if my daily routine is disturbed.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_With_ConversationPX120901260000I frequently find that I don't know how to keep a conversation going.4N/A
PX120901_Read_Between_Conversation_LinesPX120901270000I find it easy to "read between the lines" when someone is talking to me.4N/A
PX120901_Whole_Picture_Over_DetailsPX120901280000I usually concentrate more on the whole picture, rather than the small details.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Remembering_Phone_NumbersPX120901290000I am not very good at remembering phone numbers.4N/A
PX120901_Notice_Small_ChangesPX120901300000I don't usually notice small changes in a situation, or a person's appearance.4N/A
PX120901_Tell_If_Boring_OthersPX120901310000I know how to tell if someone listening to me is getting bored.4N/A
PX120901_Easy_To_MultitaskPX120901320000I find it easy to do more than one thing at once.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_With_Phone_ConversationsPX120901330000When I talk on the phone, I'm not sure when it's my turn to speak.4N/A
PX120901_Enjoy_SpontaneityPX120901340000I enjoy doing things spontaneously.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Understanding_JokesPX120901350000I am often the last to understand the point of a joke.4N/A
PX120901_Easy_To_Read_Facial_ExpressionPX120901360000I find it easy to work out what someone is thinking or feeling just by looking at their face.4N/A
PX120901_Easy_To_Switch_After_InterruptionPX120901370000If there is an interruption, I can switch back to what I was doing very quickly.4N/A
PX120901_Good_At_ChitchatPX120901380000I am good at social chit-chat.4N/A
PX120901_Go_On_About_One_ThingPX120901390000People often tell me that I keep going on and on about the same thing.4N/A
PX120901_Pretend_With_Other_ChildrenPX120901400000When I was young, I used to enjoy playing games involving pretending with other children.4N/A
PX120901_Collect_CategoriesPX120901410000I like to collect information about categories of things (e.g. types of car, types of bird, types of train, types of plant, etc.).4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Imagining_Being_Someone_ElsePX120901420000I find it difficult to imagine what it would be like to be someone else.4N/A
PX120901_Enjoy_Planning_ActivitiesPX120901430000I like to plan any activities I participate in carefully.4N/A
PX120901_Enjoy_Social_OccasionsPX120901440000I enjoy social occasions.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Working_Out_IntentionsPX120901450000I find it difficult to work out people's intentions.4N/A
PX120901_Anxious_New_SituationsPX120901460000New situations make me anxious.4N/A
PX120901_Enjoy_Meeting_New_PeoplePX120901470000I enjoy meeting new people.4Variable Mapping
PX120901_Good_DiplomatPX120901480000I am a good diplomat.4N/A
PX120901_Difficulty_Remembering_Birth_DatesPX120901490000I am not very good at remembering people's date of birth.4N/A
PX120901_Easy_To_Play_Pretend_GamesPX120901500000I find it very easy to play games with children that involve pretending.4N/A